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Gill [T. N.]
Body short, ovate and compressed; head about 1/3 length of body; eye large; mouth large and oblique; 1 supramaxilla; villiform teeth in band on jaws, palatines, tongue, present or absent on vomer; no teeth on ecto- and endopterygoid; branchiostegal rays 8; orbitosphenoid, subocular shelf and basisphenoid present; antorbital absent. Dorsal fins 2; first with 4-7 strong free spines alternating side to side; second with 9-12 soft rays. Anal fin with 10-12 soft rays, first 1-2 not branched. Pectoral fin with 13-15 soft rays. Pelvic fins subthoracic, with 1 very large spine that can be locked erect and 2-4 tiny rays. Scales large, non-overlapping, plates with central keel and posterior spine. Ventral scales forming keel between pelvic and anal fin. Light organ on lower jaw with luminous symbiotic bacteria. Vertebrae 26-27. Maximum length 26 cm. Demersal fishes known only in the Indian and Pacific oceans (except Northeast Pacific) and living in tropical and temperate latitudes. Taken at depths of 6-310 m. Feed on crustaceans. Nocturnal. The major revision of Monocentridae was by Kotlyar 1985 [ref. 26697]. The family includes 4 species in 2 genera.
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