Body rather elongated, compressed. Dorsal fin extending forward on snout above nasal organ of blind side; most of rays forked distally, scaled on their bases; pelvic fins short-based, subequal, that of ocular side median and somewhat advanced. Mouth rather large; jaws and dentition about equally developed on both sides. Gill membranes separate. Lateral line equally developed on both sides of body. Vertebrae 30-31. Eyed side brownish-gray with small, dark spots. A single genus with one species. Attains 50 cm in length. Marine; apparently endemic to southern Africa. Found at depths of 1-100 m. Genus <b><i>Paralichthodes </i></b> sometimes is placed in Pleuronectinae (Sakamoto 1984 [ref. 5273]) or Samarinae (Regan 1910 [ref. 26827]) or is classified as a separate subfamily (Regan 1929 [ref. 26828], Norman 1934 [ref. 6893], Hubbs 1945 [ref. 26824], Nelson 1994 [ref. 26204]) or family (e.g., Regan 1920 [ref. 3671], Cooper and Chapleau 1998 [ref. 23314]).</i></b>
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