Gill [T. N.]
Body slender to moderately deep, laterally compressed; head moderate; eyes large and their diameter longer than snout length; mouth moderate, oblique, jaws not extending behind eye; supramaxillae 1 (only <b><i>Anomalops </i></b> ) or 2; villiform teeth on jaws and palatines, no teeth on vomer, ecto- and endopterygoid; branchiostegal rays 8; orbitosphenoid, subocular shelf and basisphenoid present; antorbital absent. Luminous organ beneath eye with rotation and shutter mechanism to block the light. One dorsal fin or spinous dorsal fin separate from second dorsal; dorsal fin with 2-7 spines and 14-19 soft rays; anal fin with 1-3 spines and 9-15 soft rays; pectoral fins with 15-17 rays; pelvic fins with 0-1 spines and 5-7 soft rays. Scales ctenoid, lateral-line scales 30-69; ventral scutes 5-19; vertebrae 30. Maximum length 30 cm. Demersal fishes of tropical oceans (western Atlantic and Indo-Pacific) in shallow waters to depths of 480 m (possibly deeper) around coral reefs; nocturnal. Feed on zooplankton. The last major revisions: Kotlyar 1996 [ref. 23292] and Baldwin et al. 1997 [ref. 23203]. The family includes 8 species in 6 genera.</i></b>
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