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Clupeonella grimmi
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Clupeonella grimmi


Clupeonella grimmi was originally described as Clupeonella grimmi by Kessler in 1877. It belongs to the family Clupeidae. It is commonly known as Southern Caspian sprat and is known Kilka wielkooczna in Poland, Bolsheglazaya tyul'ka in Russia, Bigeye kilka in Russian Federation, Southern Caspian sprat in United Kingdom. more common names It is found in Brackish and Salt water.
Species   grimmi
AuthorWI   Kessler [K. F.]
AuthorNI   Kessler
Qualification   ---
Year   1877
Status   Valid
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Clupeiformes Clupeiformes
Family   Clupeidae
--- ---
Genus   Clupeonella
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Clupeiformes
Family   Clupeidae
Genus   Clupeonella
Original Name   Clupeonella        
Taxon Name   grimmi
Original Combination   Clupeonella grimmi
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Clupeonella grimmi
OriginalSubGenus   Clupeonella
Original Author   Kessler
Original AuthorWI   Kessler [K. F.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1877
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Middle Caspian Sea, 560-1750 feet [80-250 Russian fathoms].
Types   Paralectotypes: (many) BMNH 1897.7.5.41-44 (4), ZIN 10934 (2 of 3), 11272 (6+).
Primary Code   Lectotype
Primary Type   ZIN 10934 (31.5 mm)
Journal   Aralo-Caspian Exped.
Page   187
Illustrations   Pl. 6 (fig. 24)

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Clupeonella grimmi
Current Species   grimmi
Current Genus Clupeonella
Current AuthorWI Kessler [K. F.]
Current AuthorNI   Kessler
Current Year   1877
Current Family Clupeidae
Current Subfamily
--- ---

Habitat brackish, marine.        
Water Brackish and Salt water
Habitat Notes Schools in the open sea, not approaching shores. Occurs mainly in the south in winter, migrating to the middle parts of the sea in spring and returning south in November-December. Found in upper layers in March-April, but descends to 16 to 32 m in summer and autumn. Feeds mainly on copepods, also pelagic mysids and small fishes. Breeds in January-September intermittently in the open sea. Stocks said to be depleted in southern part of Caspian Sea.
Depth Range From 0 to 32 meters.

Current Summary   Valid as Clupeonella grimmi  Kessler 1877. Clupeidae.
Name History   •Valid as Clupeonella grimmi Kessler 1877 -- (Berg 1948:167 [ref. 12882], Whitehead 1985:54 [ref. 5141], Coad 1995:9 [ref. 23608], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:728 [ref. 24702], Dorofeeva 1998:30 [ref. 23573], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:38 [ref. 28183], Esmaeili et al. 2010:366 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:860 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2017:29 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36089]).

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References  References
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abrau Clupeonella abrau (Maliatsky [S.] 1930)Valid
abrau abrau Clupeonella abrau abrau (Maliatsky [S.] 1930)Synonym
abrau muhlisi Clupeonella abrau muhlisi Neu [W.] in Woltereck & Neu 1934Synonym
azovi Clupeonella azovi Vladimirov [V. I.] 1950Synonym
caspia Clupeonella caspia Svetovidov [A. N.] 1941Synonym
caspia volgensis Clupeonella caspia volgensis Berg [L. S.] (ex Meissner) 1913Synonym
cultriventris Clupeonella cultriventris (Nordmann [A. von] 1840)Valid
curensis Clupeonella curensis (Suvorov [E. K.] 1907)Synonym
delicatula Clupeonella delicatula (Nordmann [A. von] 1840)Synonym
delicatula azovi Clupeonella delicatula azovi Vladimirov [V. I.] 1950Synonym
delicatula caspia Clupeonella delicatula caspia Svetovidov [A. N.] 1941Synonym
engrauliformis Clupeonella engrauliformis (Borodin [N. A.] 1904)Valid
kessleri Clupeonella kessleri (Grimm [O. von] 1887)Synonym
leucocephala Clupeonella leucocephala Berg [L. S.] 1913Synonym
muhlisi Clupeonella muhlisi Neu [W.] in Woltereck & Neu 1934Valid
sphaerocephala Clupeonella sphaerocephala Berg [L. S.] 1913Synonym
suworowi Clupeonella suworowi Berg [L. S.] 1913In family
tscharchalensis Clupeonella tscharchalensis (Borodin [N. A.] 1896)Synonym
volgensis Clupeonella volgensis Berg [L. S.] (ex Meissner) 1913Synonym
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