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Engraulis encrasicolus
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Engraulis encrasicolus

(Linnaeus 1758)
  

Engraulis encrasicolus was originally described as Clupea encrasicolus by Linnaeus in 1758. It belongs to the family Engraulidae and subfamily Engraulinae. It is commonly known as European anchovy but has many other common names such as in Japan as Katakuchiiwashi, in South Africa as European Anchovy, in Canary Islands as Anchoa, in Denmark as Ansjos, in Finland as Sardelli. more common names It is found in Brackish and Salt water and its distribution is Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Azov Sea, eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa including Madeira and Canary Islands; Red Sea (Mediterranean Sea immigrant); southwestern Indian Ocean.
Species   encrasicolus
AuthorWI   Linnaeus [C.]
AuthorNI   Linnaeus
Qualification   ---
Year   1758
Status   Valid
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Clupeiformes Clupeiformes
Family   Engraulidae
Subfamily  
Engraulinae Engraulinae
Genus   Engraulis
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Clupeiformes
Family   Engraulidae
Subfamily   Engraulinae
Genus   Engraulis
Original Name   Clupea        
Taxon Name   encrasicolus
Original Combination   Clupea encrasicolus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Clupea encrasicolus
OriginalSubGenus   Clupea
Original Author   Linnaeus
Original AuthorWI   Linnaeus [C.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1758
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Engraulinae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   18 nautical miles off Sète, Gulf of Lyon, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. MNHN 2002-1775.
Primary Code   ---
Primary Type   MNHN 2002-1775
Page   318

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Engraulis encrasicolus
Current Species   encrasicolus
Current Genus   Engraulis
Current AuthorWI   Risso [A.]
Current AuthorNI   Risso
Current Year   1758
Current Family   Engraulidae
Current Subfamily  
Engraulinae Engraulinae

Habitat   pelagic        
Water   Brackish and Salt water
Depth Range   From 0 to 400 meters.
   
Distribution   Western Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Azov Sea, eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa including Madeira and Canary Islands; Red Sea (Mediterranean Sea immigrant); southwestern Indian Ocean.

Current Summary   Valid as Engraulis encrasicolus  (Linnaeus 1758). Engraulidae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Engraulis encrasicolus  (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Svetovidov 1973:111 [ref. 7169], Dor 1984:43 [ref. 29757], Nelson 1984:424 [ref. 5190], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:282 [ref. 13675], Whitehead et al. 1988:316 [ref. 5725], Whitehead 1990:228 [ref. 14039], Goren & Dor 1994:11 [ref. 25356], Coad 1995:9 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:84 [ref. 25304], Santos et al. 1997:121 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:30 [ref. 24952] as encrasicholus, Fricke 1999:20 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:39 [ref. 26753], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S97 [ref. 27377], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:30 [ref. 28183], Borsa et al. 2005:1121 [ref. 28607], Fricke 2007:26 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:25 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:44 [ref. 30517], Wirtz et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32972]).

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adriaticus Engraulis adriaticus Aleksandrov [A. I.] 1927Uncertain
albidus Engraulis albidus Borsa [P.], Collet [A.] & Durand [J.-D.] 2005Valid
albus Engraulis albus (Swainson [W.] 1839)Synonym
amara Engraulis amara Risso [A.] 1827Synonym
anchoita Engraulis anchoita Hubbs [C. L.] & Marini [T. L.] in Marini 1935Valid
annandalei Engraulis annandalei Chaudhuri [B. L.] 1916Synonym
antarcticus Engraulis antarcticus Castelnau [F. L. de] 1872Synonym
antipodum Engraulis antipodum Günther [A.] 1868Synonym
aquitanicus Engraulis aquitanicus Aleksandrov [A. I.] 1927Synonym
argentivittatus Engraulis (Stolephorus) argentivittatus Regan [C. T.] 1904Synonym
argentivittatus Engraulis argentivittatus Regan [C. T.] 1904Synonym
argyrophanus Engraulis argyrophanus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848Synonym
atherinoides Engraulis atherinoides (Linnaeus [C.] 1766)Synonym
atlantica Engraulis atlantica de Buen [F.] 1926Synonym
atlanticus Engraulis atlanticus Pusanov [I. I.] & Zeeb [Y.] 1926Synonym
auratus Engraulis auratus Day [F.] 1865Synonym
australis Engraulis australis Steindachner [F.] 1879Synonym
australis Engraulis australis (Shaw [G.] in White 1790)Valid
australis fraseri Engraulis australis fraseri Blackburn [M.] 1950Synonym
baelama Engraulis baelama (Forsskål [P. S.] 1775)Synonym
bahiensis Engraulis bahiensis Spix [J. B. von] in Spix & Agassiz 1829Not available
balinensis Engraulis balinensis Bleeker [P.] 1849Synonym
batesii Engraulis batesii Günther [A.] 1868Synonym
breviceps Engraulis breviceps Cantor [T. E.] 1849Synonym
brevifilis Engraulis brevifilis Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1848Synonym
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