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Epinephelus afer
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Epinephelus afer


Epinephelus afer was originally described as Epinephelus afer by Bloch in 1793. It belongs to the family Serranidae and subfamily Epinephelinae. It is found in Salt water.
Species   afer
AuthorWI   Bloch [M. E.]
AuthorNI   Bloch
Qualification   ---
Year   1793
Status   Synonym
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Perciformes Perciformes
Family   Serranidae
Epinephelinae Epinephelinae
Genus   Epinephelus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Perciformes
Family   Serranidae
Subfamily   Epinephelinae
Genus   Epinephelus
Original Name   Epinephelus        
Taxon Name   afer
Original Combination   Epinephelus afer
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Epinephelus afer
OriginalSubGenus   Epinephelus
Original Author   Bloch
Original AuthorWI   Bloch [M. E.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1793
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Epinephelinae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Guinea, West Africa.
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Paepke 1999:135 [ref. 24282].
Primary Code   Holotype (unique)
Primary Type   ZMB 143
Journal   Naturg. Ausl. Fische
Citation   v. 7
Page   12
Illustrations   Pl. 327

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Alphestes afer
Current Species afer
Current Genus Alphestes
Current AuthorWI Bloch [M. E.]
Current AuthorNI Bloch
Current Year 1793
Current Family Serranidae
Current Subfamily
Epinephelinae Epinephelinae

Habitat Marine.        
Water Salt water

Current Summary   Synonym of Alphestes afer  (Bloch 1793). Serranidae: Epinephelinae.
Name History   •Valid as Epinephelus afer Bloch 1793 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:131 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1991:321 [ref. 24472]). •Valid as Alphestes afer (Bloch 1793) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1993:20 [ref. 21042], Cervigón 1992:425 [ref. 23827], Grace et al. 1994:11 [ref. 25512], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:314 [ref. 24023], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:203 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:156 [ref. 27754], Heemstra et al. 2003:1329 [ref. 27060], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:75 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:128 [ref. 28815], Craig et al. 2006:328 [ref. 29772], Wirtz et al. 2007:8, 29 [ref. 30263], Craig et al. 2011:4 [ref. 31786], Page et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:38 [ref. 33341], Heemstra & Anderson in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2378 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:46 [ref. 35565], Ma & Craig 2018:454 [ref. 36100], Padovani-Ferreira et al. 2018:4 [ref. 37309]).

Common Names
Hierarchy  Hierarchy
Pictures  Pictures
First Publication  First Publication
Species Links  Species Links
Name Combinations  Name Combinations
References  References
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abdominalis Epinephelus abdominalis (Peters [W. C. H.] 1855)Synonym
acanthistius Epinephelus acanthistius (Gilbert [C. H.] 1892)Synonym
acutirostris Epinephelus acutirostris (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
adscensionis Epinephelus adscensionis (Osbeck [P.] 1765)Valid
aeneus Epinephelus aeneus (Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1817)Valid
aenus Epinephelus aenus (Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1817)Synonym
akaara Epinephelus akaara (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843)Valid
alatus Epinephelus alatus (Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877)Synonym
albimaculatus Epinephelus albimaculatus Seale [A.] 1910Synonym
albofuscus Epinephelus albofuscus (Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802)Synonym
alboguttatus Epinephelus alboguttatus (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
albomarginatus Epinephelus albomarginatus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903Valid
albopunctulatus Epinephelus albopunctulatus Boulenger [G. A.] 1895Synonym
alexandrinus Epinephelus alexandrinus (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
altivelioides Epinephelus altivelioides (Bleeker [P.] 1849)Synonym
amblycephalus Epinephelus amblycephalus (Bleeker [P.] 1857)Valid
amboinensis Epinephelus amboinensis (Bleeker [P.] 1852)In family
analogus Epinephelus analogus Gill [T. N.] 1863Valid
andersoni Epinephelus andersoni Boulenger [G. A.] 1903Valid
angularis Epinephelus angularis (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
angustifrons Epinephelus angustifrons (Steindachner [F.] 1864)Synonym
ara Epinephelus ara (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843)Synonym
arara Epinephelus arara (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
areolatus Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål [P. S.] 1775)Valid
ascensionis Epinephelus ascensionis (Osbeck [P.] 1765)Synonym
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