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Epinephelus melanostigma
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Epinephelus melanostigma

Schultz
  

Epinephelus melanostigma was originally described as Epinephelus melanostigma by Schultz in 1953. It belongs to the family Serranidae and subfamily Epinephelinae. It is commonly known as One-blotch grouper but has many other common names such as in Australia as Oneblotch grouper , in Japan as Sumitsukihata, in Philippines as Lapu-lapu, in South Africa as Eenkol-klipkabeljou, in Mozambique as Garoupa espaldar. more common names It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Line Islands and Cook Islands, north to Taiwan, south to Western Australia.
Species   melanostigma
AuthorWI   Schultz [L. P.]
AuthorNI   Schultz
Qualification   in Schultz et al.
Year   1953
Status   Valid
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Perciformes Perciformes
Family   Serranidae
Subfamily  
Epinephelinae Epinephelinae
Genus   Epinephelus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Perciformes
Family   Serranidae
Subfamily   Epinephelinae
Genus   Epinephelus
Original Name   Epinephelus        
Taxon Name   melanostigma
Original Combination   Epinephelus melanostigma
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Epinephelus melanostigma
OriginalSubGenus   Epinephelus
Original Author   Schultz
Original AuthorWI   Schultz [L. P.]
Original Qualification   in Schultz et al.
Original Year   1953
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Epinephelinae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Reef off Swains Island, American Samoa.
Types   Paratypes: BMNH 1962.12.12.52 [ex USNM 115385] (1); FMNH 62614 [ex USNM 148966] (2); SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 18870 [ex USNM 148966] (2); USNM 115374 (4), 115376 (18, ? now 17), 115385 (6, now 5), 148965 (5), 148966 (18, now 14), 148967-68 (2, 1).
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:35 [ref. 12367].
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   USNM 115375
Journal   Bull. U. S. Natl. Mus.
Citation   No. 202, v. 1
Page   348
Illustrations   Fig. 54

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Epinephelus melanostigma
Current Species   melanostigma
Current Genus   Epinephelus
Current AuthorWI   Schultz [L. P.]
Current AuthorNI   Schultz
Current Year   1953
Current Family   Serranidae
Current Subfamily  
Epinephelinae Epinephelinae

Habitat reef-associated        
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Reported to be taken in a trawl, thus presumably caught somewhat deeper than 7 m. Also reported to occur in reefs at a depth of about 30 m (Ref. 5213). Because of its small size and apparent rarity, it is of little or no commercial importance.
Depth Range From 0 to 30 meters.
   
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Line Islands and Cook Islands, north to Taiwan, south to Western Australia.

Current Summary   Valid as Epinephelus melanostigma  Schultz 1953. Serranidae: Epinephelinae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Epinephelus melanostigma  Schultz 1953 -- (Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:130 [ref. 6441], Heemstra & Randall 1986:528 [ref. 5667], Paxton et al. 1989:496 [ref. 12442], Lee 1990:49 [ref. 19830], Randall & Heemstra 1991:202 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:189 [ref. 21042], Myers 1999:115 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:193 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2544 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:725 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:609 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:725 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:31 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:160 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1014 [ref. 28999], Fricke et al. 2009:46 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:98 [ref. 31256], Craig et al. 2011:188 [ref. 31786], Allen & Erdmann 2012:276 [ref. 31980]).

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abdominalis Epinephelus abdominalis (Peters [W. C. H.] 1855)Synonym
acanthistius Epinephelus acanthistius (Gilbert [C. H.] 1892)Synonym
acutirostris Epinephelus acutirostris (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
adscensionis Epinephelus adscensionis (Osbeck [P.] 1765)Valid
aeneus Epinephelus aeneus (Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1817)Valid
aenus Epinephelus aenus (Geoffroy St. Hilaire [E.] 1817)Spelling
afer Epinephelus afer Bloch [M. E.] 1793Synonym
akaara Epinephelus akaara (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843)Valid
alatus Epinephelus alatus (Alleyne [H. G.] & Macleay [W.] 1877)Synonym
albimaculatus Epinephelus albimaculatus Seale [A.] 1910Synonym
albofuscus Epinephelus albofuscus (Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802)Synonym
alboguttatus Epinephelus alboguttatus (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
albomarginatus Epinephelus albomarginatus Boulenger [G. A.] 1903Valid
albopunctulatus Epinephelus albopunctulatus Boulenger [G. A.] 1895Synonym
alexandrinus Epinephelus alexandrinus (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
altivelioides Epinephelus altivelioides (Bleeker [P.] 1849)Synonym
amblycephalus Epinephelus amblycephalus (Bleeker [P.] 1857)Valid
amboinensis Epinephelus amboinensis Bleeker [P.] 1852Action
analogus Epinephelus analogus Gill [T. N.] 1863Valid
andersoni Epinephelus andersoni Boulenger [G. A.] 1903Valid
angularis Epinephelus angularis (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
angustifrons Epinephelus angustifrons (Steindachner [F.] 1864)Synonym
ara Epinephelus ara (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1843)Synonym
arara Epinephelus arara (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)Synonym
areolatus Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål [P. S.] 1775)Valid
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