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Galeus melastomus
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Galeus melastomus


Galeus melastomus was originally described as Galeus melastomus by Rafinesque in 1810. It belongs to the family Pentanchidae. It is commonly known as Blackmouth catshark but has many other common names such as Macke in Japan, Tintorera in Canary Islands, Ringhaj in Denmark, Kjaftsvarti háur in Faeroe Islands, Punahai in Finland. more common names It is found in Salt water.
Species   melastomus
AuthorWI   Rafinesque [C. S.]
AuthorNI   Rafinesque
Qualification   ---
Year   1810
Status   Valid
Chondrichthyes Chondrichthyes
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhiniformes
Family   Pentanchidae
--- ---
Genus   Galeus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Chondrichthyes
Order   Carcharhiniformes
Family   Pentanchidae
Genus   Galeus
Original Name   Galeus        
Taxon Name   melastomus
Original Combination   Galeus melastomus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Galeus melastomus
OriginalSubGenus   Galeus
Original Author   Rafinesque
Original AuthorWI   Rafinesque [C. S.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1810
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   [Sicilia] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea.
Primary Code   ---
Primary Type   No types known
Journal   Caratteri
Page   13

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Galeus melastomus
Current Species   melastomus
Current Genus Galeus
Current AuthorWI Rafinesque [C. S.]
Current AuthorNI   Rafinesque
Current Year   1810
Current Family Pentanchidae
Current Subfamily
--- ---

Habitat marine.        
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Found on the outer continental shelves and upper slopes. Feeds mainly on bottom invertebrates, including shrimps and cephalopods, but also on small pelagic bony fishes (lanternfishes) and other small elasmobranchs. Oviparous, with up to 13 eggs present in the oviducts at one time. Utilized fresh and dried-salted for human consumption, and for leather.
Depth Range From 55 to 1000 meters.

Current Summary   Valid as Galeus melastomus  Rafinesque 1810. Pentanchidae.
Name History   •Valid as Galeus melastomus Rafinesque 1810 -- (Springer 1973:20 [ref. 7162], Quéro in Whitehead et al. 1984:97 [ref. 13675], Compagno 1984:312 [ref. 6846], Springer 1990:91 [ref. 19319], Compagno & Stevens 1993:188 [ref. 20843], Santos et al. 1997:117 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:17 [ref. 24952], Compagno 1999:479 [ref. 25589], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:11 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:9 [ref. 37112], Rey et al. 2006:7 [ref. 29427], Fricke 2007:25 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:13 [ref. 29533], George 2009:55 [ref. 30539], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:7 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:21 [ref. 33547], Goren & Galil 2015:519 [ref. 33910], Dyldin 2015:48 [ref. 34524], Weigmann 2016:39 [ref. 34211], Bañón et al. 2016:300 [ref. 34397], Compagno 2016:1261 [ref. 34544], Gordon et al. 2016:271 [ref. 34661], Almeida & Biscoito 2019:69 [ref. 37302], Carneiro et al. 2019:21 [ref. 37250], Parenti 2019:101 [ref. 37117]).

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annulatus Galeus annulatus (Nilsson [S.] 1832)Synonym
antillensis Galeus antillensis Springer [S.] 1979Valid
arae Galeus arae (Nichols [J. T.] 1927)Valid
arae antillensis Galeus arae antillensis Springer [S.] 1979Synonym
artedi Galeus artedi (Risso [A.] 1820)Synonym
atlanticus Galeus atlanticus (Vaillant [L. L.] 1888)Valid
australis Galeus australis Macleay [W.] 1881Synonym
boardmani Galeus boardmani (Whitley [G. P.] 1928)Synonym
cadenati Galeus cadenati Springer [S.] 1966Valid
canis Galeus canis Bonaparte [C. L.] 1834Synonym
cepedianus Galeus cepedianus Agassiz [L.] 1838Synonym
chilensis Galeus chilensis Pérez Canto [C.] 1886Synonym
communis Galeus communis Owen [R.] 1853Synonym
corriganae Galeus corriganae White [W. T.], Mana [R. R.] & Naylor [G. J. P.] 2016Valid
delarochianus Galeus delarochianus (Blainville [H. de] 1816)Synonym
eastmani Galeus eastmani (Jordan [D. S.] & Snyder [J. O.] 1904)Valid
gracilis Galeus gracilis Compagno [L. J. V.] & Stevens [J. D.] 1993Valid
japanicus Galeus japanicus Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1839Synonym
jensenii Galeus jensenii (Saemundsson [B.] 1922)Synonym
laevis Galeus laevis Risso [A.] 1820Synonym
linnei Galeus linnei Malm [A. W.] 1877Synonym
longirostris Galeus longirostris Tachikawa [H.] & Taniuchi [T.] 1987Valid
maculatus Galeus maculatus Ranzani [C.] 1839Synonym
melanostomum Galeus melanostomum (Bonaparte [C. L.] 1834)Synonym
melanostomus Galeus melanostomus (Lowe [R. T.] 1843)Synonym
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