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Gasterochisma melampus
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Gasterochisma melampus

Richardson
  

Gasterochisma melampus was originally described as Gasterochisma melampus by Richardson in 1845. It belongs to the family Scombridae and subfamily Gasterochismatinae. It is commonly known as Butterfly kingfish but has many other common names such as in Australia as Butterfly mackerel, in USA (contiguous states) as Butterfly mackerel, in Japan as Urokomaguro, in South Africa as Grootskub-makriel, in Chile as Pez chauchera. more common names It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Circumglobal in Southern Ocean temperate waters, mostly between 30° and 50°S; waifs in northern Pacific.
Species   melampus
AuthorWI   Richardson [J.]
AuthorNI   Richardson
Qualification   ---
Year   1845
Status   Valid
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Scombriformes Scombriformes
Family   Scombridae
Subfamily  
Gasterochismatinae Gasterochismatinae
Genus   Gasterochisma
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Scombriformes
Family   Scombridae
Subfamily   Gasterochismatinae
Genus   Gasterochisma
Original Name   Gasterochisma        
Taxon Name   melampus
Original Combination   Gasterochisma melampus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Gasterochisma melampus
OriginalSubGenus   Gasterochisma
Original Author   Richardson
Original AuthorWI   Richardson [J.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1845
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Gasterochismatinae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Port Nicholson, New Zealand.
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   BMNH 1855.9.19.158
Journal   Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (n. s.)
Citation   v. 15 (no. 99)
Page   346

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Gasterochisma melampus
Current Species   melampus
Current Genus   Gasterochisma
Current AuthorWI   Lahille [F.]
Current AuthorNI   Lahille
Current Year   1845
Current Family   Scombridae
Current Subfamily  
Gasterochismatinae Gasterochismatinae

Habitat pelagic        
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Occurs in deep oceanic waters (Ref. 9563), most abundant in waters of 8° to 10°C. Stomach contents of the specimen from north of the Hawaiian Archipelago include onychoteuthids, ommastrephid squid, vertebrae and fin rays from an unidentified fish, bird f
   
Distribution Circumglobal in Southern Ocean temperate waters, mostly between 30° and 50°S; waifs in northern Pacific.

Current Summary   Valid as Gasterochisma melampus  Richardson 1845. Scombridae: Gasterochismatinae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Gasterochisma melampus  Richardson 1845 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:37 [ref. 5375], Collette 1986:833 [ref. 5647], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:229 [ref. 24556], Nakamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:311 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:821 [ref. 22532], Ito et al. 1994:482 [ref. 22341], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:393 [ref. 24555], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Mundy 2005:505 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1771 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:784 [ref. 30616]).

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fallai Gasterochisma fallai (Serventy [D. L.] 1948)Synonym
holmbergi Gasterochisma holmbergi (Lahille [F.] 1903)Synonym
huttonii Gasterochisma huttonii (Günther [A.] 1889)Synonym
rochei eudorax Gasterochisma rochei eudorax (Collette [B. B.] & Aadland [C. R.] 1996)Synonym
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