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Gasterochisma melampus
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Gasterochisma melampus


Gasterochisma melampus was originally described as Gasterochisma melampus by Richardson in 1845. It belongs to the family Scombridae and subfamily Gasterochismatinae. It is commonly known as Butterfly kingfish but has many other common names such as Butterfly mackerel in Australia, Butterfly mackerel in USA, Urokomaguro in Japan, Grootskub-makriel in South Africa, Pez chauchera in Chile. more common names It is found in Salt water.
Species   melampus
AuthorWI   Richardson [J.]
AuthorNI   Richardson
Qualification   ---
Year   1845
Status   Valid
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Scombriformes Scombriformes
Family   Scombridae
Gasterochismatinae Gasterochismatinae
Genus   Gasterochisma
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Scombriformes
Family   Scombridae
Subfamily   Gasterochismatinae
Genus   Gasterochisma
Original Name   Gasterochisma        
Taxon Name   melampus
Original Combination   Gasterochisma melampus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Gasterochisma melampus
OriginalSubGenus   Gasterochisma
Original Author   Richardson
Original AuthorWI   Richardson [J.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1845
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Gasterochismatinae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Port Nicholson, New Zealand.
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   BMNH 1855.9.19.158
Journal   Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (n. s.)
Citation   v. 15 (no. 99)
Page   346

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Gasterochisma melampus
Current Species melampus
Current Genus Gasterochisma
Current AuthorWI Richardson [J.]
Current AuthorNI Richardson
Current Year 1845
Current Family Scombridae
Current Subfamily
Gasterochismatinae Gasterochismatinae

Habitat Marine.        
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Occurs in deep oceanic waters (Ref. 9563), most abundant in waters of 8° to 10°C. Stomach contents of the specimen from north of the Hawaiian Archipelago include onychoteuthids, ommastrephid squid, vertebrae and fin rays from an unidentified fish, bird feathers and parasitic nematodes (Ref. 11006). Taken as by-catch by Japanese longliners fishing for @Thunnus maccoyii@.

Current Summary   Valid as Gasterochisma melampus  Richardson 1845. Scombridae: Gasterochismatinae.
Name History   •Valid as Gasterochisma melampus Richardson 1845 -- (Collette & Nauen 1983:37 [ref. 5375], Collette 1986:833 [ref. 5647], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:229 [ref. 24556], Nakamura in Amaoka et al. 1990:311 [ref. 16024], Gomon et al. 1994:821 [ref. 22532], Ito et al. 1994:482 [ref. 22341], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:393 [ref. 24555], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Collette 2003:4 [ref. 27312], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Mundy 2005:505 [ref. 28379], Bray et al. 2006:1771 [ref. 29091], Gomon 2008:784 [ref. 30616], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:118 [ref. 36167], Roberts 2015:1630 [ref. 34193], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565], Rotundo et al. 2015:294 [ref. 36921], Collette & Graves 2019:63 [ref. 37341]).

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fallai Gasterochisma fallai (Serventy [D. L.] 1948)Synonym
holmbergi Gasterochisma holmbergi (Lahille [F.] 1903)Synonym
huttonii Gasterochisma huttonii (Günther [A.] 1889)Synonym
rochei eudorax Gasterochisma rochei eudorax (Collette [B. B.] & Aadland [C. R.] 1996)Synonym
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