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Gasterosteus aculeatus
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Gasterosteus aculeatus

Linnaeus
  

Gasterosteus aculeatus was originally described as Gasterosteus aculeatus by Linnaeus in 1758. It belongs to the family Gasterosteidae. It is commonly known as Three-spined stickleback and is known in USA (contiguous states) as épinoche à trois épines, in USA (contiguous states) as espinocho, in USA (contiguous states) as threespine stickleback. more common names It is found in Fresh, Brackish and Salt water and its distribution is Atlantic, Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and adjacent watersheds: Widespread in northern Europe and North America.
Species   aculeatus
AuthorWI   Linnaeus [C.]
AuthorNI   Linnaeus
Qualification   ---
Year   1758
Status   Valid
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Scorpaeniformes Scorpaeniformes
Family   Gasterosteidae
Subfamily  
--- ---
Genus   Gasterosteus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Scorpaeniformes
Family   Gasterosteidae
Genus   Gasterosteus
Original Name   Gasterosteus        
Taxon Name   aculeatus
Original Combination   Gasterosteus aculeatus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Gasterosteus aculeatus
OriginalSubGenus   Gasterosteus
Original Author   Linnaeus
Original AuthorWI   Linnaeus [C.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1758
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Europe.
Types   Syntypes: Zool. Soc. Lond. 29 (left half-skin), 30-31 (2, right half-skins).
Primary Code   ---
Journal   Systema Nat. ed. 10
Citation   v. 1
Page   295

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Gasterosteus aculeatus
Current Species   aculeatus
Current Genus   Gasterosteus
Current AuthorWI   Linnaeus [C.]
Current AuthorNI   Linnaeus
Current Year   1758
Current Family   Gasterosteidae
Current Subfamily  
--- ---

Habitat   benthopelagic        
Water   Fresh, Brackish and Salt water
Habitat Notes   Inhabits vegetated areas, usually over mud or sand (Ref. 5723). In the sea, confined to coastal waters. Forms schools. Juveniles associate with drifting seaweed (Ref. 12114, 12115). Feeds on worms, crustaceans, larvae and adult aquatic insects, drowned ae
Depth Range   From 0 to 27 meters.
   
Distribution   Atlantic, Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and adjacent watersheds: Widespread in northern Europe and North America.

Current Summary   Valid as Gasterosteus aculeatus  Linnaeus 1758. Gasterosteidae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Gasterosteus aculeatus  Linnaeus 1758, subspecies aculeatus  -- (Okada 1961:605 [ref. 6363], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:433 [ref. 25598], Pietsch et al. 2001:144 [ref. 25688], Moyle 2002:340 [ref. 26449], Scharpf 2007:34 [ref. 30398]). • Valid as Gasterosteus aculeatus  Linnaeus 1758 -- (Berg 1949:972 [ref. 20662], Monod 1973:280 [ref. 7193], Lee et al. 1980:563 [ref. 22416], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:128 [ref. 9277], Ida in Masuda et al. 1984:83 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:276 [ref. 22186], Banister in Whitehead et al. 1986:640 [ref. 13676], Arnoult 1986:280 [ref. 6213], Robins & Ray 1986:122 [ref. 23100], Lelek 1987:267 [ref. 22962], McAllister 1990:217 [ref. 14674], Page & Burr 1991:243 [ref. 18983], Haglund et al. 1992 [ref. 19890], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:62 [ref. 22290], Swift et al. 1993:123 [ref. 22379], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:623 [ref. 21581], Poll & Gosse 1995:109 [ref. 24781], Coad 1995:26 [ref. 23608], Zhu 1995:165 [ref. 25213], Mrakovcic et al. 1995:185 [ref. 23079], Chereshnev 1996:605 [ref. 24659], Coad 1996:85 [ref. 25304], Bianco et al. 1996:56 [ref. 26724], Cheng & Zhou 1997:233 [ref. 26385], Kottelat 1997:164 [ref. 22952], Murdy et al. 1997:135 [ref. 23144], Kim 1997:386 [ref. 24032], Nikiforov et al. 1997:330 [ref. 24694], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:747 [ref. 24702], Bianco 1997:620 [ref. 26725], Reshetnikov & Savvaitove 1998:111 [ref. 23593], Caldecutt & Adams 1998:827 [ref. 23613], Ahnelt et al. 1998:395 [ref. 23708], Scott & Crossman 1998:665 [ref. 24570], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:9 [ref. 24670], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:226 [ref. 24550], Fuller et al. 1999:334 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:51 [ref. 26594], Nakabo 2000:513 [ref. 25086], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:25 [ref. 25650], Bogutskaya et al. 2001:46 [ref. 26178], Caldecutt et al. 2001:936 [ref. 25815], Chereshnev et al. 2001:112 [ref. 26736], Zemnukhov et al. 2001:420 [ref. 25412], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:64 [ref. 26753], Kim & Park 2002:308 [ref. 25913], Krueger in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:314 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:333 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:513 [ref. 26001], Paepke in Bănărescu & Paepke 2002:209 [ref. 25856], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Youn 2002:231, 552 [ref. 26218], Pichugin et al. 2003:169 [ref. 26890], Hagiwara 2003:37 [ref. 27188], Fedorov et al. 2003:57 [ref. 27579], Jang et al. 2003:120 [ref. 27681], Wydoski & Whitney 2003:167 [ref. 27816], Hanel 2003:61 [ref. 27894], Alekseyev et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27625], Bailey et al. 2004:168 [ref. 27882], Nelson et al. 2004:111 [ref. 27807], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:180 [ref. 28183], Vassilev & Pehlivanov 2005:175 [ref. 28369], Miller 2006:320 [ref. 28615], Hanel & Lusk 2005:334 [ref. 28804], Fricke 2007:28 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:73 [ref. 29533], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:492 [ref. 29996], Vasil'eva 2007:70 [ref. 30517], McPhail 2007:432 [ref. 31199], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:169 [ref. 31251], Kuiter 2009:322 [ref. 30404], Møller et al. 2010:50 [ref. 31169], Esmaeili et al. 2010:375 [ref. 33391], Mecklenburg et al. 2011:121 [ref. 31212], Page & Burr 2011:464 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:113 [ref. 32708] Bianco 2013:9 [ref. 32897]).

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acanthias Gasterosteus acanthias Gmelin [J. F.] 1789Action
aculeatus aculeatus Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus (Linnaeus [C.] 1758)Valid
aculeatus algeriensis Gasterosteus aculeatus algeriensis Sauvage [H.-E.] 1874Synonym
aculeatus crenobionta Gasterosteus aculeatus crenobionta Bǎcescu [M. C.] & Mayer [R.] 1956Valid
aculeatus messinicus Gasterosteus aculeatus messinicus Stephanidis [A.] 1971Not available
aculeatus microcephalus Gasterosteus aculeatus microcephalus Girard [C. F.] 1854Synonym
aculeatus santaeannae Gasterosteus aculeatus santaeannae Regan [C. T.] 1909Synonym
aculeatus williamsoni Gasterosteus aculeatus williamsoni Girard [C. F.] 1854Synonym
algeriensis Gasterosteus algeriensis Sauvage [H.-E.] 1874Synonym
antecessor Gasterosteus antecessor Daldorff [D. C. de] 1793Synonym
apeltes Gasterosteus apeltes Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829Synonym
aralensis Gasterosteus aralensis Kessler [K. F.] 1877Synonym
argentatissimus Gasterosteus argentatissimus Blanchard [C. E.] 1866Synonym
argyropomus Gasterosteus argyropomus Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829Synonym
atherinus Gasterosteus atherinus Bosc [L. A. G.] in Lacepède 1802Not available
atkinsi Gasterosteus atkinsi Bean [T. H.] 1879Synonym
atkinsii Gasterosteus atkinsii Bean [T. H.] 1879Synonym
bailloni Gasterosteus bailloni Blanchard [C. E.] 1866Synonym
biaculeatus Gasterosteus biaculeatus Shaw [G.] 1803Synonym
biaculeatus Gasterosteus biaculeatus Mitchill [S. L.] 1815Not available
biarmatus Gasterosteus biarmatus Krynicki [J.] in Nordmann 1840Synonym
bispinosus Gasterosteus bispinosus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792Synonym
bispinosus johanseni Gasterosteus bispinosus johanseni Cox [P.] 1923Action
blanchardi Gasterosteus (Gasterostea) blanchardi Sauvage [H.-E.] 1874Synonym
blanchardi Gasterosteus blanchardi Sauvage [H.-E.] 1874Synonym
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