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Gramma melacara
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Gramma melacara

Böhlke & Randall
  

Gramma melacara was originally described as Gramma melacara by Böhlke & Randall in 1963. It belongs to the family Grammatidae. It is commonly known as Blackcap basslet and is known lackcap basslet in USA (contiguous states), Blackcap basslet in Bahamas, Gramma violeta in Cuba. more common names It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Western Atlantic.
Species   melacara
AuthorWI   Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.]
AuthorNI   Böhlke & Randall
Qualification   ---
Year   1963
Status   Valid
Class  
--- ---
Order  
--- ---
Family   Grammatidae
Subfamily  
--- ---
Genus   Gramma
Subgenus   ---

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Family   Grammatidae
Genus   Gramma
Original Name   Gramma        
Taxon Name   melacara
Original Combination   Gramma melacara
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Gramma melacara
OriginalSubGenus   Gramma
Original Author   Böhlke & Randall
Original AuthorWI   Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1963
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   About 1/2 mile north of the western end of Treasure Island (Salt Cay), New Providence area, Bahamas, depth 165 feet.
Types   Paratypes: ANSP 94686 (1), 94688-90 (10, 5, 1); SMF 6830 [ex UMML 9428] (1); UF 204948 [ex UMML 4948] (1), ?209420 [ex UMML 9420] (4), 209427-28 [ex UMML 9427-28] (15, 2); UPRM 1040 (1); USNM [ex ANSP 94691] 199486 (3).
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:111 [ref. 13621].
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   ANSP 94687
Journal   Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila.
Citation   v. 115 (no. 2)
Page   43
Illustrations   Fig. 3

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Original QualificationSS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---


Current Genus Species Gramma melacara
Current Species   melacara
Current Genus Gramma
Current AuthorWI Böhlke [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.]
Current AuthorNI   Böhlke & Randall
Current Year   1963
Current Family Grammatidae
Current Subfamily
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Habitat reef-associated        
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Occurs on nearly vertical cliffs and drop-offs beyond outer reefs. Often upside-down. Retreats into recesses when alarmed (Ref. 9710).
Depth Range From 11 to 60 meters.
   
Distribution Western Atlantic.

Current Summary   Valid as Gramma melacara  Böhlke & Randall 1963. Grammatidae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Gramma melacara  Böhlke & Randall 1963 -- (Robins & Ray 1986:147 [ref. 23100], Sazima et al. 1998:41 [ref. 23432], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:158 [ref. 27754], Mooi & Gill 2003:1373 [ref. 27062], Smith et al. 2003:26 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:130 [ref. 27807], Victor & Randall 2010:865 [ref. 31057], Page et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32708]).

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brasiliensis Gramma brasiliensis Sazima [I.], Gasparini [J. L.] & Moura [R. L. de] 1998Valid
dejongi Gramma dejongi Victor [B. C.] & Randall [J. E.] 2010Valid
hemichrysos Gramma hemichrysos Mowbray [L. L.] in Breder 1927Action
linki Gramma linki Starck [W. A., II] & Colin [P. L.] 1978Valid
loreto Gramma loreto Poey [F.] 1868Valid
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