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Gymnothorax enigmaticus
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Gymnothorax enigmaticus

McCosker & Randall

Gymnothorax enigmaticus was originally described as Gymnothorax enigmaticus by McCosker & Randall in 1982. It belongs to the family Muraenidae and subfamily Muraeninae. It is commonly known as Enigmatic moray but has many other common names such as Tiger moray in Australia, Shima-utsubo in Japan, Tiger moray in South Africa, Enigmatic moray in Guam, Enigmatic moray in Micronesia, Federated States, Tiger moray in Micronesia, Federated States. more common names It is found in Salt water.
Species   enigmaticus
AuthorWI   McCosker [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.]
AuthorNI   McCosker & Randall
Qualification   ---
Year   1982
Status   Valid
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Anguilliformes Anguilliformes
Family   Muraenidae
Muraeninae Muraeninae
Genus   Gymnothorax
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Anguilliformes
Family   Muraenidae
Subfamily   Muraeninae
Genus   Gymnothorax
Original Name   Gymnothorax        
Taxon Name   enigmaticus
Original Combination   Gymnothorax enigmaticus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Gymnothorax enigmaticus
OriginalSubGenus   Gymnothorax
Original Author   McCosker & Randall
Original AuthorWI   McCosker [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1982
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Muraeninae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Off Ngatchab Beach, Angaur Island, Palau Islands, Western Caroline Islands, western Pacific.
Types   Paratypes: BPBM 7715 (2), 8184 (1), 9491 (1), 12354 (1), 22339 (2), 22827 (1), 22809 (2); CAS 42377 (1), 48816-26 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 2, 8, 2, 1, 1).
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:108 [ref. 26380] with holotype as 4881.
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   CAS 48815
Journal   Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4)
Citation   v. 43 (no. 2)
Page   18
Illustrations   Figs. 1, 4

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Gymnothorax enigmaticus
Current Species   enigmaticus
Current Genus Gymnothorax
Current AuthorWI McCosker [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.]
Current AuthorNI   McCosker & Randall
Current Year   1982
Current Family Muraenidae
Current Subfamily
Muraeninae Muraeninae

Habitat Marine.        
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Relatively uncommon in intertidal reefs. Juveniles inhabit lagoons.

Current Summary   Valid as Gymnothorax enigmaticus  McCosker & Randall 1982. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.
Name History   •Valid as Gymnothorax enigmaticus McCosker & Randall 1982 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:23 [ref. 6441], Castle & McCosker 1986:169 [ref. 5645], Winterbottom et al. 1989:8 [ref. 13251], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:66 [ref. 22017], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:46 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:45 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Allen 2000:84 [ref. 37268], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:205 [ref. 25086], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Nakabo 2002:205 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:108 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:40 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:249 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:92 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:15 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:71 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:83 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:14 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2014:18 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:35 [ref. 35805], Ho et al. 2018:12 [ref. 36050], Arndt & Fricke 2019:23 [ref. 36883]).

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References  References
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acutirostris Gymnothorax acutirostris (Abbott [C. C.] 1860)Synonym
afer Gymnothorax afer Bloch [M. E.] 1795Valid
agassizi Gymnothorax agassizi (Bleeker [P.] 1855)Synonym
albimarginata Gymnothorax albimarginata (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846)Synonym
albimarginatus Gymnothorax albimarginatus (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846)Valid
albimentis Gymnothorax albimentis (Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1900)Synonym
albomaculatus Gymnothorax albomaculatus Bliss [R.] 1883Synonym
anatinus Gymnothorax anatinus (Lowe [R. T.] 1838)Synonym
andamanensis Gymnothorax andamanensis Mohapatra [A.], Kiruba-Sankar [R.], Praveenraj [J.] & Mohanty [S. R.] 2019Valid
angusticauda Gymnothorax angusticauda (Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916)Valid
angusticeps Gymnothorax angusticeps (Hildebrand [S. F.] & Barton [O.] 1949)Valid
annasona Gymnothorax annasona Whitley [G. P.] 1937Valid
annulatus Gymnothorax annulatus Smith [D. G.] & Böhlke [E. B.] 1997Valid
arae Gymnothorax arae Borodin [N. A.] 1928Synonym
argus Gymnothorax (Limamuraena) argus Steindachner [F.] 1870Synonym
argus Gymnothorax argus Steindachner [F.] 1870Synonym
aterrima Gymnothorax aterrima (Kaup [J. J.] 1859)Synonym
atolli Gymnothorax atolli (Pietschmann [V.] 1935)Valid
aurea Gymnothorax aurea (Mowbray [L. L.] 1931)Synonym
australicola Gymnothorax australicola Lavenberg [R. J.] 1992Valid
austrinus Gymnothorax austrinus Böhlke [E. B.] & McCosker [J. E.] 2001Valid
bacalladoi Gymnothorax bacalladoi Böhlke [E. B.] & Brito [A.] 1987Valid
baranesi Gymnothorax baranesi Smith [D. G.], Brokovich [E.] & Einbinder [S.] 2008Valid
bathyphilus Gymnothorax bathyphilus Randall [J. E.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1975Valid
batuensis Gymnothorax batuensis (Bleeker [P.] 1856)Synonym
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