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Gymnothorax enigmaticus
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Gymnothorax enigmaticus

McCosker & Randall
  

Gymnothorax enigmaticus was originally described as Gymnothorax enigmaticus by McCosker & Randall in 1982. It belongs to the family Muraenidae and subfamily Muraeninae. It is commonly known as Enigmatic moray but has many other common names such as in Australia as Tiger moray , in Japan as Shima-utsubo, in South Africa as Tiger moray, in Guam as Enigmatic moray, in Micronesia, Federated States as Enigmatic moray, in Micronesia, Federated States as Tiger moray. more common names It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, East Africa, South Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and Samoa.
Species   enigmaticus
AuthorWI   McCosker [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.]
AuthorNI   McCosker & Randall
Qualification   ---
Year   1982
Status   Valid
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Anguilliformes Anguilliformes
Family   Muraenidae
Subfamily  
Muraeninae Muraeninae
Genus   Gymnothorax
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Anguilliformes
Family   Muraenidae
Subfamily   Muraeninae
Genus   Gymnothorax
Original Name   Gymnothorax        
Taxon Name   enigmaticus
Original Combination   Gymnothorax enigmaticus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Gymnothorax enigmaticus
OriginalSubGenus   Gymnothorax
Original Author   McCosker & Randall
Original AuthorWI   McCosker [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1982
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Muraeninae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Off Ngatchab Beach, Angaur Island, Palau Islands, Western Caroline Islands, western Pacific.
Types   Paratypes: BPBM 7715 (2), 8184 (1), 9491 (1), 12354 (1), 22339 (2), 22827 (1), 22809 (2); CAS 42377 (1), 48816-26 (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 2, 8, 2, 1, 1).
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:108 [ref. 26380] with holotype as 4881.
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   CAS 48815
Journal   Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4)
Citation   v. 43 (no. 2)
Page   18
Illustrations   Figs. 1, 4

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Gymnothorax enigmaticus
Current Species   enigmaticus
Current Genus   Gymnothorax
Current AuthorWI   McCosker [J. E.] & Randall [J. E.]
Current AuthorNI   McCosker & Randall
Current Year   1982
Current Family   Muraenidae
Current Subfamily  
Muraeninae Muraeninae

Habitat   reef-associated        
Water   Salt water
Habitat Notes   Relatively uncommon in intertidal reefs. Juveniles inhabit lagoons.
   
Distribution   Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, East Africa, South Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and Samoa.

Current Summary   Valid as Gymnothorax enigmaticus  McCosker & Randall 1982. Muraenidae: Muraeninae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Gymnothorax enigmaticus  McCosker & Randall 1982 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:23 [ref. 6441], Castle & McCosker 1986:169 [ref. 5645], Winterbottom et al. 1989:8 [ref. 13251], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:66 [ref. 22017], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Myers 1999:46 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:45 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Nakabo 2000:205 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Nakabo 2002:205 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:108 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:6 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:40 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:249 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:92 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:15 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:71 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:83 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:14 [ref. 32155]).

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acutirostris Gymnothorax acutirostris (Abbott [C. C.] 1860)Synonym
afer Gymnothorax afer Bloch [M. E.] 1795Valid
agassizi Gymnothorax agassizi (Bleeker [P.] 1855)Synonym
albimarginata Gymnothorax albimarginata (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846)Spelling
albimarginatus Gymnothorax albimarginatus (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846)Valid
albimentis Gymnothorax albimentis (Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1900)Synonym
albomaculatus Gymnothorax albomaculatus Bliss [R.] 1883Synonym
anatinus Gymnothorax anatinus (Lowe [R. T.] 1838)Synonym
angusticauda Gymnothorax angusticauda (Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916)Valid
angusticeps Gymnothorax angusticeps (Hildebrand [S. F.] & Barton [O.] 1949)Valid
annasona Gymnothorax annasona Whitley [G. P.] 1937Valid
annulatus Gymnothorax annulatus Smith [D. G.] & Böhlke [E. B.] 1997Valid
arae Gymnothorax arae Borodin [N. A.] 1928Synonym
argus Gymnothorax (Limamuraena) argus Steindachner [F.] 1870Synonym
argus Gymnothorax argus Steindachner [F.] 1870Synonym
aterrima Gymnothorax aterrima (Kaup [J. J.] 1859)Synonym
atolli Gymnothorax atolli (Pietschmann [V.] 1935)Valid
aurea Gymnothorax aurea (Mowbray [L. L.] 1931)Synonym
australicola Gymnothorax australicola Lavenberg [R. J.] 1992Valid
austrinus Gymnothorax austrinus Böhlke [E. B.] & McCosker [J. E.] 2001Valid
bacalladoi Gymnothorax bacalladoi Böhlke [E. B.] & Brito [A.] 1987Valid
baranesi Gymnothorax baranesi Smith [D. G.], Brokovich [E.] & Einbinder [S.] 2008Valid
bathyphilus Gymnothorax bathyphilus Randall [J. E.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1975Valid
batuensis Gymnothorax batuensis (Bleeker [P.] 1856)Synonym
bayeri Gymnothorax bayeri Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953Synonym
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