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Gymnothorax vicinus
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Gymnothorax vicinus

(Castelnau 1855)

Gymnothorax vicinus was originally described as Murenophis vicinus by Castelnau in 1855. It belongs to the family Muraenidae and subfamily Muraeninae. It is commonly known as Purplemouth moray but has many other common names such as in USA (contiguous states) as purplemouth moray, in Bahamas as Purplemouth moray, in Barbados as Brown conger, in Cuba as Morena obscura, in France as Murène jaune. more common names It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Western and eastern Atlantic.
Species   vicinus
AuthorWI   Castelnau [F. L. de]
AuthorNI   Castelnau
Qualification   ---
Year   1855
Status   Valid
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Anguilliformes Anguilliformes
Family   Muraenidae
Muraeninae Muraeninae
Genus   Gymnothorax
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Anguilliformes
Family   Muraenidae
Subfamily   Muraeninae
Genus   Gymnothorax
Original Name   Murenophis        
Taxon Name   vicina
Original Combination   Murenophis vicina
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Murenophis vicina
OriginalSubGenus   Murenophis
Original Author   Castelnau
Original AuthorWI   Castelnau [F. L. de]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1855
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Muraeninae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Bahia, Brazil.
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1993:102 [ref. 20810].
Primary Code   Holotype (unique)
Primary Type   MNHN B-2423
Page   81
Illustrations   Pl. 42 (fig. 4)

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---

Current Genus Species   Gymnothorax vicinus
Current Species   vicinus
Current Genus   Gymnothorax
Current AuthorWI   Fowler [H. W.]
Current AuthorNI   Fowler
Current Year   1855
Current Family   Muraenidae
Current Subfamily  
Muraeninae Muraeninae

Habitat   reef-associated        
Water   Salt water
Depth Range   From 0 to 40 meters.
Distribution   Western and eastern Atlantic.

Current Summary   Valid as Gymnothorax vicinus  (Castelnau 1855). Muraenidae: Muraeninae.
Name History   • Valid as Lycodontis vicinus  (Castelnau 1855) -- (Blache et al. 1973:226 [ref. 7185], Cervigón 1991:38 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:368 [ref. 23827], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221]). • Valid as Gymnothorax vicinus  (Castelnau 1855) -- (Bauchot in Whitehead et al. 1986:542 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:53 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:626 [ref. 9166], Böhlke et al. 1989:186 [ref. 13286], Smith 1989:912 [ref. 13285], Smith & Böhlke 1990:143 [ref. 19379], Boschung 1992:33 [ref. 23239], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:240 [ref. 23897], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:136 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:82 [ref. 25466], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:148 [ref. 27754], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Collette et al. 2003:99 [ref. 26784], Böhlke & Smith 2003:704 [ref. 26990], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:9 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:61 [ref. 27807], Wirtz et al. 2007:25 [ref. 30263], Smith 2012:29 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:61 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:24 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33516]).

Common Names  Common Names
Picture  Picture
Places  Places
Hierarchy  Hierarchy
First Publication  First Publication
Species Links  Species Links
Name Combinations   Name Combinations
References  References
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acutirostris Gymnothorax acutirostris (Abbott [C. C.] 1860)Synonym
afer Gymnothorax afer Bloch [M. E.] 1795Valid
agassizi Gymnothorax agassizi (Bleeker [P.] 1855)Synonym
albimarginata Gymnothorax albimarginata (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846)Spelling
albimarginatus Gymnothorax albimarginatus (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1846)Valid
albimentis Gymnothorax albimentis (Evermann [B. W.] & Marsh [M. C.] 1900)Synonym
albomaculatus Gymnothorax albomaculatus Bliss [R.] 1883Synonym
anatinus Gymnothorax anatinus (Lowe [R. T.] 1838)Synonym
angusticauda Gymnothorax angusticauda (Weber [M.] & de Beaufort [L. F.] 1916)Valid
angusticeps Gymnothorax angusticeps (Hildebrand [S. F.] & Barton [O.] 1949)Valid
annasona Gymnothorax annasona Whitley [G. P.] 1937Valid
annulatus Gymnothorax annulatus Smith [D. G.] & Böhlke [E. B.] 1997Valid
arae Gymnothorax arae Borodin [N. A.] 1928Synonym
argus Gymnothorax (Limamuraena) argus Steindachner [F.] 1870Synonym
argus Gymnothorax argus Steindachner [F.] 1870Synonym
aterrima Gymnothorax aterrima (Kaup [J. J.] 1859)Synonym
atolli Gymnothorax atolli (Pietschmann [V.] 1935)Valid
aurea Gymnothorax aurea (Mowbray [L. L.] 1931)Synonym
australicola Gymnothorax australicola Lavenberg [R. J.] 1992Valid
austrinus Gymnothorax austrinus Böhlke [E. B.] & McCosker [J. E.] 2001Valid
bacalladoi Gymnothorax bacalladoi Böhlke [E. B.] & Brito [A.] 1987Valid
baranesi Gymnothorax baranesi Smith [D. G.], Brokovich [E.] & Einbinder [S.] 2008Valid
bathyphilus Gymnothorax bathyphilus Randall [J. E.] & McCosker [J. E.] 1975Valid
batuensis Gymnothorax batuensis (Bleeker [P.] 1856)Synonym
bayeri Gymnothorax bayeri Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953Synonym
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