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Gymnotus acus
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Gymnotus acus


Gymnotus acus was originally described as Gymnotus acus by Brünnich in 1768. It belongs to the family Gymnotidae. It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Ascension Island, including Madeira.
Species   acus
AuthorWI   Brünnich [M. T.]
AuthorNI   Brünnich
Qualification   ---
Year   1768
Status   Synonym
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Gymnotiformes Gymnotiformes
Family   Gymnotidae
--- ---
Genus   Gymnotus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Gymnotiformes
Family   Gymnotidae
Genus   Gymnotus
Original Name   Gymnotus        
Taxon Name   acus
Original Combination   Gymnotus acus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Gymnotus acus
OriginalSubGenus   Gymnotus
Original Author   Brünnich
Original AuthorWI   Brünnich [M. T.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1768
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea.
Primary Code   Neotype
Primary Type   ZMUC Jour. no. 36
Journal   Ichthyol. Massil.
Page   13

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Original QualificationSS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Carapus acus
Current Species   acus
Current Genus Carapus
Current AuthorWI Brünnich [M. T.]
Current AuthorNI   Brünnich
Current Year   1768
Current Family Carapidae
Current Subfamily
Carapinae Carapinae

Water Salt water
Distribution Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Ascension Island, including Madeira.

Current Summary   Synonym of Carapus acus  (Brünnich 1768). Carapidae: Carapinae.
Name History   • Valid as Carapus acus  (Brünnich 1768) -- (Arnold 1956:263 [ref. 5315], Wheeler 1973:557 [ref. 7190], Trott & Olney in Whitehead et al. 1986:1173 [ref. 13677], Markle & Olney 1990:374 [ref. 18996], Santos et al. 1997:124 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:111 [ref. 24952], Parmentier et al. 1999:135 [ref. 23955], Markle in Nielsen et al. 1999:12 [ref. 24448], Parmentier et al. 2000:295 [ref. 26179], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:54 [ref. 26753], Parmentier et al. 2006:122 [ref. 28668], Fricke et al. 2007:65 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972], Wirtz et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33516]).

Common Names
Hierarchy  Hierarchy
Pictures  Pictures
First Publication  First Publication
Species Links  Species Links
Name Combinations  Name Combinations
References  References
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aequilabiatus Gymnotus aequilabiatus Humboldt [F. H. A. von] 1805Synonym
aequilabiatus nigriceps Gymnotus aequilabiatus nigriceps Ihering [R. von] 1907Uncertain
albifrons Gymnotus albifrons Linnaeus [C.] 1766Synonym
albus Gymnotus albus (Pallas [P. S.] 1769)Not available
albus Gymnotus albus Zuiew [B.] 1789Uncertain
anguillaris Gymnotus anguillaris Hoedeman [J. J.] 1962Valid
arapaima Gymnotus arapaima Albert [J. S.] & Crampton [W. G. R.] 2001Valid
ardilai Gymnotus ardilai Maldonado-Ocampo [J. A.] & Albert [J. S.] 2004Valid
asiaticus Gymnotus asiaticus Linnaeus [C.] 1758Synonym
bahianus Gymnotus bahianus Campos-da-Paz [R.] & Costa [W. J. E. M.] 1996Valid
brachiurus Gymnotus brachiurus Bloch [M. E.] 1786Synonym
caerulescens Gymnotus caerulescens Walbaum [J. J.] 1792Synonym
capanema Gymnotus capanema Milhomem [S. S. R.], Crampton [W. G. R.], Pierczeka [J. C.], Shetka [G. H.], Silva [D. S.] & Nagamachi [C. Y.] 2012Valid
capitimaculatus Gymnotus capitimaculatus Rangel-Pereira [F. da S.] 2014Valid
carapo Gymnotus carapo Linnaeus [C.] 1758Valid
carapo caerulescens Gymnotus carapo caerulescens Walbaum [J. J.] 1792Synonym
cataniapo Gymnotus cataniapo Mago-Leccia [F.] 1994Valid
chaviro Gymnotus chaviro Maxime [E. L.] & Albert [J.] 2009Valid
chimarrao Gymnotus chimarrao Cognato [D.], Richer-de-Forges [M. M.], Albert [J. S.] & Crampton [W. G. R.] 2008Valid
choco Gymnotus choco Albert [J. S.], Crampton [W. G. R.] & Maldonado-Ocampo [J. A.] in Albert & Crampton 2003Valid
coatesi Gymnotus coatesi LaMonte [F. R.] 1935Valid
coropinae Gymnotus coropinae Hoedeman [J. J.] 1962Valid
curupira Gymnotus curupira Crampton [W. G. R.], Thorsen [D. H.] & Albert [J. S.] 2005Valid
cylindricus Gymnotus cylindricus LaMonte [F. R.] 1935Valid
diamantinensis Gymnotus diamantinensis Campos-da-Paz [R.] 2002Valid
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