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Lethrinus elongatus
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Lethrinus elongatus

Valenciennes
  

Lethrinus elongatus was originally described as Lethrinus elongatus by Valenciennes in 1830. It belongs to the family Lethrinidae. It is commonly known as Mata-hari and is known in South Africa as Longnose emperor, in Red Sea as Longnose emperor. more common names It is found in Salt water.
Species   elongatus
AuthorWI   Valenciennes [A.]
AuthorNI   Valenciennes
Qualification   (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes
Year   1830
Status   Synonym
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Spariformes Spariformes
Family   Lethrinidae
Subfamily  
--- ---
Genus   Lethrinus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Spariformes
Family   Lethrinidae
Genus   Lethrinus
Original Name   Lethrinus        
Taxon Name   elongatus
Original Combination   Lethrinus elongatus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Lethrinus elongatus
OriginalSubGenus   Lethrinus
Original Author   Valenciennes
Original AuthorWI   Valenciennes [A.]
Original Qualification   (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes
Original Year   1830
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Red Sea.
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1983:72 [ref. 21545]. Type information: Randall & Wheeler 1991:761 [ref. 15994].
Primary Code   Holotype (unique)
Primary Type   ZMB 22245 (stuffed)
Journal   Hist. Nat. Poiss.
Citation   v. 6
Page   289

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Lethrinus microdon
Current Species   microdon
Current Genus   Lethrinus
Current AuthorWI   Valenciennes [A.]
Current AuthorNI   Valenciennes
Current Year   1830
Current Family   Lethrinidae
Current Subfamily  
--- ---

       
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Longnose emperor.
Valenciennes, 1830
Attains 100 cm. Body colour grey or brownish; each scale having a pale centre. This elongate fish has a pronounced and long snout. Head is very much darker in colour fading to white ventrally. Fins are transluscent or yellow in colour. Other body markings are variable. The interior of the mouth is conspicously red. A common fish of warmer waters; generally found over sandy coastal environments in the vicinity of coral and rocky reefs. Here, loosely packed shoals often 'hang' above the reefs, their only movement being the occasional flick of the pectoral fins to maintain stability and direction. This ability enables the species to take advantage of the rich midwater food nutrients, which include small crabs, mantis shrimps, small fish and marine
worms. Shoaling is especially prevalent during summer in tropical waters at a time when breeding occurs. This is closely related to the lunar cycle and spawning takes place at full moon. Juveniles are distributed by ocean currents and seldom occur in great numbers close inshore. Indo-West Pacific from Natal northwards. Large adults found in deeper water down to 200 metres.
   
Distribution ---

Current Summary   Synonym of Lethrinus microdon  Valenciennes 1830. Lethrinidae.
 
Name History   • Synonym of Lethrinella variegata  (Valenciennes 1830) -- (Dor 1984:153 [ref. 29757]). • Synonym of Lethrinus miniatus  (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Sato 1978:40 [ref. 8884]). • Valid as Lethrinus elongatus  Valenciennes 1830 -- (Smith 1986:597 [ref. 5712], Allen & Swainston 1988:84 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:39 [ref. 13251], Goren & Dor 1994:42 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:328 [ref. 27969]). • Synonym of Lethrinus microdon  Valenciennes 1830 through first reviser action -- (Randall & Wheeler 1991:761 [ref. 15994], Carpenter in Carpenter & Allen 1989:71 [ref. 13577], Carpenter 2001:3035 [ref. 26105]).

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abbreviatus Lethrinus abbreviatus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Synonym
acutus Lethrinus acutus Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884Synonym
alboguttatus Lethrinus alboguttatus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Synonym
amamianus Lethrinus amamianus Akazaki [M.] 1962Synonym
amboinensis Lethrinus amboinensis Bleeker [P.] 1854Valid
anarhynchus Lethrinus anarhynchus Postel [E.] 1965Synonym
anatarius Lethrinus anatarius Richardson [J.] 1845Synonym
argenteus Lethrinus argenteus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Synonym
atkinsoni Lethrinus atkinsoni Seale [A.] 1910Valid
atlanticus Lethrinus atlanticus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Valid
aurolineatus Lethrinus aurolineatus Fourmanoir [P.] 1961Uncertain
aurolineatus Lethrinus aurolineatus Macleay [W.] 1882Synonym
azureus Lethrinus azureus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Quoy & Gaimard) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Synonym
bleekeri Lethrinus bleekeri Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884Synonym
bonhamensis Lethrinus bonhamensis Günther [A.] 1874Synonym
borbonicus Lethrinus borbonicus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Valid
bungus Lethrinus bungus Valenciennes [A.] (ex Ehrenberg) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Synonym
caeruleus Lethrinus caeruleus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Synonym
carinatus Lethrinus carinatus Weber [M.] 1913Synonym
centurio Lethrinus centurio Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Synonym
choerorynchus Lethrinus choerorynchus (Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801)Synonym
chrysostomus Lethrinus chrysostomus Richardson [J.] 1848Synonym
chumchum Lethrinus chumchum Klunzinger [C. B.] 1870Synonym
cinereus Lethrinus cinereus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830Synonym
cinnabarinus Lethrinus cinnabarinus Richardson [J.] 1843Synonym
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