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Myripristis berndti
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Myripristis berndti

Jordan & Evermann
  

Myripristis berndti was originally described as Myripristis berndti by Jordan & Evermann in 1903. It belongs to the family Holocentridae and subfamily Myripristinae. It is commonly known as Blotcheye soldierfish but has many other common names such as in Australia as Bigscale soldierfish, in USA (contiguous states) as bigscale soldierfish, in Japan as Akamatsukasa, in Philippines as Baga-baga, in South Africa as Bigscale soldier, in South Africa as Bigscale soldier. more common names It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Costa Rica, north to Ryukyu Islands, Ogasawara Islands and Midway Atoll, south to Western Australia at 22°S, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, Kermadec Islands, and Rapa.
Species   berndti
AuthorWI   Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.]
AuthorNI   Jordan & Evermann
Qualification   ---
Year   1903
Status   Valid
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Holocentriformes Holocentriformes
Family   Holocentridae
Subfamily  
Myripristinae Myripristinae
Genus   Myripristis
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Holocentriformes
Family   Holocentridae
Subfamily   Myripristinae
Genus   Myripristis
Original Name   Myripristis        
Taxon Name   berndti
Original Combination   Myripristis berndti
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Myripristis berndti
OriginalSubGenus   Myripristis
Original Author   Jordan & Evermann
Original AuthorWI   Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1903
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Myripristinae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Honolulu, Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands.
Types   Paratypes: AMNH 2282 (1); ANSP 24212 (1); BPBM [not 16818] (1); CAS 1489 (1, wrong fish), 17724 [ex IU 10357] (1); IU 9801 (1, not found at CAS); FMNH 3947 (1); MCZ 28890 (1); CAS-SU 7451 (1); USNM 125645 [USFC 2701] (1), 50628 (1).
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:63 [ref. 12291], Böhlke 1984:113 [ref. 13621], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:48 [ref. 12367].
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   USNM 50627
Journal   Bull. U. S. Fish Comm.
Citation   v. 22 [1902]
Page   170

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Myripristis berndti
Current Species   berndti
Current Genus   Myripristis
Current AuthorWI   Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.]
Current AuthorNI   Jordan & Evermann
Current Year   1903
Current Family   Holocentridae
Current Subfamily  
Myripristinae Myripristinae

Habitat reef-associated        
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Bigscale soldier.

Attains 30 cm.
Inhabits caves and hides under ledges of subtidal reef flats, channels and margins to outer reef slopes. Occurs in loose aggregations. Feeds mainly on plankton such as crab larvae. Almost always caught at night . Mark
Depth Range From 1 to 50 meters.
   
Distribution Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Costa Rica, north to Ryukyu Islands, Ogasawara Islands and Midway Atoll, south to Western Australia at 22°S, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, Kermadec Islands, and Rapa.

Current Summary   Valid as Myripristis berndti  Jordan & Evermann 1903. Holocentridae: Myripristinae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Myripristis berndti  Jordan & Evermann 1903 -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:114 [ref. 6441], Randall & Heemstra 1986:423 [ref. 5707], Paxton et al. 1989:377 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:16 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:61 [ref. 15987], Chen et al. 1990:252 [ref. 16678], Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Francis & Randall 1993:130 [ref. 20996], Allen & Robertson 1994:94 [ref. 22193], Schneider & Krupp in Fischer et al. 1995:1184 [ref. 22829], Randall & Yamakawa 1996:217 [ref. 22430], Kotlyar 1996:87 [ref. 23292], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:188 [ref. 27969], Randall & Greenfield 1996:22 [ref. 22543], Allen 1997:68 [ref. 23977], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:212 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:277 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:61 [ref. 25919], Kotlyar 1998:206 [ref. 24674], Myers 1999:80 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:127 [ref. 24106], Randall & Greenfield 1999:2238 [ref. 24790], Johnson 1999:725 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:9 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:498 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:602 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:140 [ref. 25191], Thomson et al. 2000:59 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:9 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:498 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2003:405 [ref. 26954], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S101 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:616 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:29 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:69 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:110 [ref. 27807], Heemstra 2004:3337 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:135 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:87 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:306 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:777 [ref. 29066], Randall 2007:147 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:33 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:83 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:372 [ref. 31242], Hubert et al. 2012:5 [ref. 31846], Allen & Erdmann 2012:168 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:112 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:72 [ref. 32988] dated 1905).

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adusta Myripristis adusta Bleeker [P.] 1853Valid
adustus Myripristis adustus Bleeker [P.] 1853Synonym
amaena Myripristis amaena (Castelnau [F. L. de] 1873)Valid
amaenus Myripristis amaenus (Castelnau [F. L. de] 1873)Spelling
amaenus tiki Myripristis amaenus tiki Greenfield [D. W.] 1966Not available
archiepiscopus Myripristis archiepiscopus Valenciennes [A.] 1862Synonym
argyromus Myripristis argyromus Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903Synonym
astakhovi Myripristis astakhovi Kotlyar [A. N.] 1997Valid
aulacodes Myripristis aulacodes Randall [J. E.] & Greenfield [D. W.] 1996Valid
australis Myripristis australis (Castelnau [F. L. de] 1875)Synonym
axillaris Myripristis axillaris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831Synonym
bleekeri Myripristis bleekeri Günther [A.] (ex Bleeker) 1859Synonym
borbonicus Myripristis borbonicus Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831Synonym
botche Myripristis botche Cuvier [G.] 1829Valid
bowditchae Myripristis bowditchae Woods [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953Synonym
carneus Myripristis carneus Ramsay [E. P.] & Ogilby [J. D.] 1886Synonym
chryseres Myripristis chryseres Jordan [D. S.] & Evermann [B. W.] 1903Valid
chryseus Myripristis chryseus (Cope [E. D.] 1871)Synonym
clarionensis Myripristis clarionensis Gilbert [C. H.] 1897Valid
earlei Myripristis earlei Randall [J. E.], Allen [G. R.] & Robertson [D. R.] 2003Valid
formosa Myripristis formosa Randall [J. E.] & Greenfield [D. W.] 1996Valid
gildi Myripristis gildi Greenfield [D. W.] 1965Valid
greenfieldi Myripristis greenfieldi Randall [J. E.] & Yamakawa [T.] 1996Valid
guezei Myripristis (Holotrachys) guezei Postel [E.] 1962Synonym
guezei Myripristis guezei Postel [E.] 1962Synonym
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