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Narcine entemedor
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Narcine entemedor

Jordan & Starks
  

Narcine entemedor was originally described as Narcine entemedor by Jordan & Starks in 1895. It belongs to the family Narcinidae and subfamily Narcininae. It is commonly known as Giant electric ray but has many other common names such as in USA (contiguous states) as giant electric ray, in France as Raie électrique géante, in Nicaragua as Raya electrica, in Peru as Raya eléctrica, in Spain as Raya eléctrica gigante. more common names It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Eastern Pacific.
Species   entemedor
AuthorWI   Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.]
AuthorNI   Jordan & Starks
Qualification   in Jordan
Year   1895
Status   Valid
Class  
Chondrichthyes Chondrichthyes
Order  
Torpediniformes Torpediniformes
Family   Narcinidae
Subfamily  
Narcininae Narcininae
Genus   Narcine
Subgenus   ---

Class   Chondrichthyes
Order   Torpediniformes
Family   Narcinidae
Subfamily   Narcininae
Genus   Narcine
Original Name   Narcine        
Taxon Name   entemedor
Original Combination   Narcine entemedor
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Narcine entemedor
OriginalSubGenus   Narcine
Original Author   Jordan & Starks
Original AuthorWI   Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.]
Original Qualification   in Jordan
Original Year   1895
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Narcininae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Estuary at Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico.
Types   Paratypes: BMNH 1895.5.27.340 [from Jordan] (1), NMW (1) not seen.
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:11 [ref. 12291].
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   CAS-SU 11699 [not 1699 as published]
Journal   Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 2)
Citation   v. 5
Page   387

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Narcine entemedor
Current Species   entemedor
Current Genus   Narcine
Current AuthorWI   Jordan [D. S.] & Starks [E. C.]
Current AuthorNI   Jordan & Starks
Current Year   1895
Current Family   Narcinidae
Current Subfamily  
Narcininae Narcininae

Habitat   demersal        
Water   Salt water
Habitat Notes   Found in shallow water on sandy bottoms, sometimes adjacent to reefs (Ref. 12951). Found buried in the sand during the day (Ref. 12951). Moves into shallow bays at night to feed; prefers polychaete worms, but may take sea squirts (Ref. 12951).
   
Distribution   Eastern Pacific.

Current Summary   Valid as Narcine entemedor  Jordan & Starks 1895. Narcinidae.
 
Name History   • Synonym of Narcine brasiliensis  (Olfers 1831) -- (Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:23 [ref. 22793]). • Valid as Narcine entemedor  Jordan & Starks 1895 -- (Allen & Robertson 1994:32 [ref. 22193], McEachran in Fischer et al. 1995:771 [ref. 22829], Cota-Gómez et al. 1998:104 [ref. 24503], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:81 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:62 [ref. 24550], Compagno 1999:487 [ref. 25589], Thomson et al. 2000:282 [ref. 25640], Carvalho 2001:572 [ref. 25603], Nelson et al. 2004:54 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:54 [ref. 32708]).

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References  References
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atzi Narcine atzi Carvalho [M. R. de] & Randall [J. E.] 2003Valid
baliensis Narcine baliensis Carvalho [M. R. de] & White [W. T.] 2016Valid
bancroftii Narcine bancroftii (Griffith [E.] & Smith [C. H.] 1834)Valid
bentuviai Narcine bentuviai Baranes [A.] & Randall [J. E.] 1989Synonym
bicolor Narcine bicolor (Shaw [G.] 1804)Uncertain
brachypleura Narcine brachypleura Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1923Action
brasiliensis Narcine brasiliensis (Olfers [J. F. M. von] 1831)Valid
brasiliensis corallina Narcine brasiliensis corallina Garman [S.] 1881Synonym
brasiliensis punctata Narcine brasiliensis punctata Garman [S.] 1881Synonym
brevilabiata Narcine brevilabiata Bessednov [L. N.] 1966Valid
brunnea Narcine brunnea Annandale [N.] 1909Valid
corallina Narcine corallina Garman [S.] 1881Synonym
firma Narcine firma Garman [S.] 1913Valid
indica Narcine indica Henle [F. G. J.] 1834Synonym
insolita Narcine insolita Carvalho [M. R. de], Séret [B.] & Compagno [L. J. V.] 2002Valid
lasti Narcine lasti Carvalho [M. R. de] & Séret [B.] 2002Synonym
lasti Narcinops lasti (Carvalho [M. R. de] & Séret [B.] 2002)Valid
leoparda Narcine leoparda Carvalho [M. R. de] 2001Valid
lingula Narcine lingula Richardson [J.] 1846Valid
macrura Narcine macrura Valenciennes [A.] in Duméril 1852Synonym
maculata Narcine maculata Duméril [A. H. A.] 1852Synonym
maculata Narcine maculata (Shaw [G.] 1804)Valid
microphthalma Narcine microphthalma Duméril [A. H. A.] (ex Valenciennes) 1852Synonym
mollis Narcine mollis Lloyd [R. E.] 1907Synonym
natalensis Narcine natalensis Fowler [H. W.] 1925Synonym
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