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Parophrys vetulus
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Parophrys vetulus

Girard
  

Parophrys vetulus was originally described as Parophrys vetulus by Girard in 1854. It belongs to the family Pleuronectidae and subfamily Pleuronectinae. It is commonly known as English sole but has many other common names such as English sole in USA (contiguous states), Lemon sole in British Columbia, Lemon sole in Canada, Carlottin anglais in France, Sogiola limanda del pacifico in Italy. more common names It is found in Salt water.
Species   vetulus
AuthorWI   Girard [C. F.]
AuthorNI   Girard
Qualification   ---
Year   1854
Status   Valid
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Pleuronectiformes Pleuronectiformes
Family   Pleuronectidae
Subfamily  
Pleuronectinae Pleuronectinae
Genus   Parophrys
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Pleuronectiformes
Family   Pleuronectidae
Subfamily   Pleuronectinae
Genus   Parophrys
Original Name   Parophrys        
Taxon Name   vetulus
Original Combination   Parophrys vetulus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Parophrys vetulus
OriginalSubGenus   Parophrys
Original Author   Girard
Original AuthorWI   Girard [C. F.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1854
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Pleuronectinae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   San Francisco, California, U.S.A.
Primary Code   ---
Primary Type   No types known
Journal   Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila.
Citation   v. 7
Page   140

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---


Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---


Current Genus Species Parophrys vetulus
Current Species vetulus
Current Genus Parophrys
Current AuthorWI Girard [C. F.]
Current AuthorNI Girard
Current Year 1854
Current Family Pleuronectidae
Current Subfamily
Pleuronectinae Pleuronectinae

Habitat Marine.        
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Inhabits sand and mud bottoms (Ref. 4925). Young occur in intertidal areas. Feeds on small crabs and shrimps, worms, brittlestars, clams and clam siphons, and other small molluscs (Ref. 4925). Makes extensive migrations (Ref. 6885). Females 44 cm in length produce as much as 1,900,000 eggs (Ref. 6885). Eggs are pelagic but sink before hatching (Ref. 6885). Interbreeds with the @Platichthys stellatus@ (Ref. 2850).
Depth Range From 0 to 549 meters.
   

Current Summary   Valid as Parophrys vetulus  Girard 1854. Pleuronectidae: Pleuronectinae.
 
Name History   •Valid as Pleuronectes vetulus (Girard 1854) -- (Sakamoto 1984:209 [ref. 5273], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:841 [ref. 25968]). •Valid as Parophrys vetulus Girard 1854 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:291 [ref. 9277], Matarese et al. 1989:610 [ref. 26885], McAllister 1990:223 [ref. 14674], Evseenko 1998:60 [ref. 23643], Cooper & Chapleau 1998:713 [ref. 26711], Evseenko 2004:11 [ref. 27606], Nelson et al. 2004:181 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32708], Pietsch & Orr 2015:71 [ref. 34694], Kells et al. 2016:332 [ref. 35888], Vinnikov et al. 2018:160 [ref. 35844], Burton & Lea 2019:97 [ref. 37205]).

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ayresii Parophrys ayresii Günther [A.] 1862Synonym
hubbardii Parophrys hubbardii Gill [T. N.] 1862Synonym
ischyrus Parophrys ischyrus Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880In family
nigrostriolata Parophrys nigrostriolata (Steindachner [F.] & Kner [R.] 1870)Synonym
vetula Parophrys vetula Girard [C. F.] 1854Synonym
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