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Rhizoprionodon acutus
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Rhizoprionodon acutus

(Rüppell 1837)

Rhizoprionodon acutus was originally described as Carcharias acutus by Rüppell in 1837. It belongs to the family Carcharhinidae. It is commonly known as Milk shark but has many other common names such as Milk shark in Australia, Hiragashira in Japan, Milk shark in Papua New Guinea, Kitil-kitil in Philippines, Melkhaai in South Africa, Milkshark in South Africa. more common names It is found in Fresh, Brackish and Salt water and its distribution is Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas (including Red Sea).
Species   acutus
AuthorWI   Rüppell [W. P. E. S.]
AuthorNI   Rüppell
Qualification   ---
Year   1837
Status   Valid
Chondrichthyes Chondrichthyes
Carcharhiniformes Carcharhiniformes
Family   Carcharhinidae
--- ---
Genus   Rhizoprionodon
Subgenus   ---

Class   Chondrichthyes
Order   Carcharhiniformes
Family   Carcharhinidae
Genus   Rhizoprionodon
Original Name   Carcharias        
Taxon Name   acutus
Original Combination   Carcharias acutus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Carcharias acutus
OriginalSubGenus   Carcharias
Original Author   Rüppell
Original AuthorWI   Rüppell [W. P. E. S.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1837
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea.
Type Catalogue   Type catalog and lectotype designation: Klausewitz 1960:292 [ref. 21330].
Primary Code   ---
Primary Type   SMF 2783
Page   65
Illustrations   Pl. 18 (fig. 4)

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Original QualificationSS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Rhizoprionodon acutus
Current Species   acutus
Current Genus Rhizoprionodon
Current AuthorWI Hemprich [F. W.] & Ehrenberg [C. G.]
Current AuthorNI   Hemprich & Ehrenberg
Current Year   1837
Current Family Carcharhinidae
Current Subfamily
--- ---

Habitat demersal        
Water Fresh, Brackish and Salt water
Depth Range From 1 to 200 meters.
Distribution Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate seas (including Red Sea).

Current Summary   Valid as Rhizoprionodon acutus  (Rüppell 1837). Carcharhinidae.
Name History   • Listed in the synonymy of Loxodon macrorhinus  Müller & Henle 1839 -- (Compagno & Niem 1998:1351 [ref. 23787] presumeably on a misidentified paralectotype, also Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:34 [ref. 27735]). • Valid as Rhizoprionodon acutus  (Rüppell 1837) -- (Compagno 1973:31 [ref. 7163], Branstetter in Whitehead et al. 1984:114 [ref. 13675], Dor 1984:9 [ref. 29757], Compagno 1984:525 [ref. 6846], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:5 [ref. 6441], Bass et al. 1986:85 [ref. 5638], Allen & Swainston 1988:24 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:83 [ref. 12442], Springer 1990:102 [ref. 19320], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:23 [ref. 20764], Last & Stevens 1994:265 [ref. 23873], Goren & Dor 1994:3 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:36 [ref. 22896], Rainboth 1996:51 [ref. 22772], Allen 1997:44 [ref. 23977], Compagno & Niem 1998:1354 [ref. 23787], Fricke 1999:23 [ref. 24106], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:233 [ref. 24754], Afonso et al. 1999:68 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:720 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:484 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:136 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:580 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:136 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:53, 474 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S92 [ref. 27377], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:34 [ref. 27735], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:62 [ref. 28072], Compagno et al. 2005:43 [ref. 29145], Hoese et al. 2006:106 [ref. 29001], Wirtz et al. 2007:23 [ref. 30263], Moore et al. 2012:10 [ref. 31771], Wirtz et al. 2013:116 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:12 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:22 [ref. 32989], Ebert et al. 2013:337 [ref. 33045], Shinohara et al. 2014:233 [ref. 33330] as Rhizopriodon, Parin et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33547]).

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Hierarchy  Hierarchy
Pictures  Pictures
First Publication  First Publication
Collections  Collections
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Name Combinations  Name Combinations
References  References
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aaronis Rhizoprionodon aaronis (Hemprich [F. W.] & Ehrenberg [C. G.] 1899)Not available
aronis Rhizoprionodon aronis (Ehrenberg [C. G.] in Klunzinger 1871)Not available
crenidens Rhizoprionodon crenidens (Klunzinger [C. B.] 1880)Synonym
eumeces Rhizoprionodon eumeces (Pietschmann [V.] 1913)Synonym
fissidens Rhizoprionodon fissidens (Bennett [E. T.] 1831)Uncertain
intermedius Rhizoprionodon intermedius (Garman [S.] 1913)Synonym
lalandii Rhizoprionodon lalandii (Valenciennes [A.] (ex Valenciennes) 1839)Valid
longmani Rhizoprionodon longmani (Ogilby [J. D.] 1912)Synonym
longurio Rhizoprionodon longurio (Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882)Valid
oligolinx Rhizoprionodon (Protozygaena) oligolinx Springer [V. G.] 1964Synonym
oligolinx Rhizoprionodon oligolinx Springer [V. G.] 1964Valid
porosus Rhizoprionodon porosus (Poey [F.] 1861)Valid
sorrahkowah Rhizoprionodon sorrahkowah (Bleeker [P.] 1853)Synonym
taylori Rhizoprionodon taylori (Ogilby [J. D.] 1915)Valid
terraenova Rhizoprionodon terraenova (Richardson [J.] 1837)Spelling
terraenovae Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (Richardson [J.] 1837)Valid
vagatus Rhizoprionodon vagatus (Garman [S.] 1913)Synonym
walbeehmi Rhizoprionodon walbeehmi (Bleeker [P.] 1856)Synonym
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