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Sparisoma cretense
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Sparisoma cretense

(Linnaeus 1758)

Sparisoma cretense was originally described as Labrus cretense by Linnaeus in 1758. It belongs to the family Scaridae and subfamily Sparisomatinae. It is commonly known as Parrotfish and is known Bidião in Cape Verde, Perroquet in France, Papagaio-velho in Portugal, Parrotfish in United Kingdom. more common names It is found in Salt water.
Species   cretense
AuthorWI   Linnaeus [C.]
AuthorNI   Linnaeus
Qualification   ---
Year   1758
Status   Valid
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Labriformes Labriformes
Family   Scaridae
Sparisomatinae Sparisomatinae
Genus   Sparisoma
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Labriformes
Family   Scaridae
Subfamily   Sparisomatinae
Genus   Sparisoma
Original Name   Labrus        
Taxon Name   cretensis
Original Combination   Labrus cretensis
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Labrus cretensis
OriginalSubGenus   Labrus
Original Author   Linnaeus
Original AuthorWI   Linnaeus [C.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1758
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Sparisomatinae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Crete, Greece, Mediterranean Sea.
Primary Code   ---
Primary Type   No types known
Page   282

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Sparisoma cretense
Current Species   cretense
Current Genus Sparisoma
Current AuthorWI Linnaeus [C.]
Current AuthorNI   Linnaeus
Current Year   1758
Current Family Scaridae
Current Subfamily
Sparisomatinae Sparisomatinae

Habitat marine.        
Water Salt water
Depth Range From 20 to 50 meters.

Current Summary   Valid as Sparisoma cretense  (Linnaeus 1758). Scaridae: Sparisomatinae.
Name History   •Valid as Sparisoma cretense (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Monod 1973:444 [ref. 7193], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:943 [ref. 13676], Randall 1990:884 [ref. 19149], Bellwood 1994:65 [ref. 19116] as cretensis, Otero & Galeote 1996:405 [ref. 22783], Santos et al. 1997:97 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:97 [ref. 24952], Vacchi et al. 1999:325 [ref. 24369], Afonso et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25466] with question, Parenti & Randall 2000:61 [ref. 24943], Guidetti & Boero 2001:717 [ref. 25600], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:116 [ref. 26753], Goren & Aronov 2002:239 [ref. 26560], Golani 2005:51 [ref. 37112], Robertson et al. 2006:796 [ref. 31512], Fricke et al. 2007:95 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:56 [ref. 36649], Rocha et al. 2012:61 [ref. 31733], Wirtz et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32972], Westneat in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2738 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864]).

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abbotti Sparisoma abbotti Fowler [H. W.] 1915Synonym
abildgaardi Sparisoma abildgaardi (Bloch [M. E.] 1791)Synonym
albigaardi Sparisoma albigaardi (Bloch [M. E.] 1791)Synonym
amplum Sparisoma amplum (Ranzani [C.] 1841)Valid
amplus Sparisoma amplus (Ranzani [C.] 1841)Synonym
atomarium Sparisoma atomarium (Poey [F.] 1861)Valid
aurofrenatum Sparisoma aurofrenatum (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840)Valid
axillare Sparisoma axillare (Steindachner [F.] 1878)Valid
axillaris Sparisoma axillaris (Steindachner [F.] 1878)Synonym
bleekeri Sparisoma bleekeri (Steindachner [F.] 1863)Synonym
brachiale Sparisoma brachiale (Poey [F.] 1861)Synonym
brachialis Sparisoma brachialis (Poey [F.] 1861)Synonym
canariensis Sparisoma canariensis (Valenciennes [A.] 1838)Synonym
catesby Sparisoma catesby (Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802)Synonym
chloris Sparisoma chloris (Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801)Synonym
choati Sparisoma choati Rocha [L. A.], Brito [A.] & Robertson [D. R.] 2012Valid
chrysopterum Sparisoma chrysopterum (Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801)Valid
chrysopterus Sparisoma chrysopterus (Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801)Synonym
circumnotatus Sparisoma circumnotatus (Poey [F.] 1861)Uncertain
coccineus Sparisoma coccineus (Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801)Synonym
cretensis Sparisoma cretensis (Linnaeus [C.] 1758)Synonym
cyanolene Sparisoma cyanolene Jordan [D. S.] & Swain [J.] 1884Synonym
distinctum Sparisoma distinctum (Poey [F.] 1861)Synonym
distinctus Sparisoma distinctus (Poey [F.] 1861)Synonym
elongatum Sparisoma elongatum Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1928Synonym
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