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Sparus aurata
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Sparus aurata


Sparus aurata was originally described as Sparus aurata by Linnaeus in 1758. It belongs to the family Sparidae. It is commonly known as Gilthead seabream but has many other common names such as Gilthead bream in USA (contiguous states), Guldhovede in Denmark, Kultaotsa-ahven in Finland, Daurade in France, Goldbrasse in Germany, Fed. Rep.. more common names It is found in Brackish and Salt water.
Species   aurata
AuthorWI   Linnaeus [C.]
AuthorNI   Linnaeus
Qualification   ---
Year   1758
Status   Valid
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Spariformes Spariformes
Family   Sparidae
--- ---
Genus   Sparus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Spariformes
Family   Sparidae
Genus   Sparus
Original Name   Sparus        
Taxon Name   aurata
Original Combination   Sparus aurata
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Sparus aurata
OriginalSubGenus   Sparus
Original Author   Linnaeus
Original AuthorWI   Linnaeus [C.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1758
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Mediterranean Sea; Northeastern Atlantic.
Primary Code   ---
Primary Type   No types known
Journal   Systema Nat. ed. 10
Citation   v. 1
Page   277

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Sparus aurata
Current Species   aurata
Current Genus Sparus
Current AuthorWI Linnaeus [C.]
Current AuthorNI   Linnaeus
Current Year   1758
Current Family Sparidae
Current Subfamily
--- ---

Habitat brackish, marine.        
Water Brackish and Salt water
Habitat Notes Inhabits seagrass beds and sandy bottoms as well as in the surf zone commonly to depths of about 30 m, but adults may occur to 150 m depth. A sedentary fish, either solitary or in small aggregations. In spring, often occurs in brackish water coastal lagoons and estuaries. Mainly carnivorous, accessorily herbivorous (Ref. 3688). Feeds on shellfish, including mussels and oysters. One of the most important fishes in saline and hypersaline aquaculture. Utilized fresh and eaten steamed, pan-fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9987).
Depth Range From 30 to 150 meters.

Current Summary   Valid as Sparus aurata  Linnaeus 1758. Sparidae.
Name History   •Valid as Sparus aurata Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tortonese 1973:405 [ref. 7192], Bauchot & Hureau in Whitehead et al. 1986:906 [ref. 13676], Bauchot & Hureau 1990:810 [ref. 18793], Coad 1996:86 [ref. 25304], Arruda 1997:91 [ref. 24952], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:97 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S12 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:45 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:89 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:103 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:171 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:49 [ref. 36649], Parin et al. 2014:370 [ref. 33547], Carpenter & Iwatsuki in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2614 [ref. 34618], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[22] 260 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:101 [ref. 36273], Martins & Carneiro 2018:135 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Ćaleta et al. 2019:190 [ref. 37026], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Eagderi et al. 2019:115 [ref. 37020], Parenti 2019:88 [ref. 36892]).

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abildgaardi Sparus abildgaardi Bloch [M. E.] 1791Synonym
acromegalus Sparus acromegalus (Osório [B.] 1911)Synonym
acutirostris Sparus acutirostris Delaroche [F. E.] 1809Synonym
adottus Sparus adottus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810Synonym
alcedo Sparus alcedo Risso [A.] 1810Synonym
aldrovandi Sparus aldrovandi Nardo [G. D.] 1827Synonym
americana Sparus americana Walbaum [J. J.] 1792Synonym
anchorago Sparus anchorago Bloch [M. E.] 1791Synonym
annularis Sparus annularis Linnaeus [C.] 1758Synonym
anonymus Sparus anonymus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Schöpf) 1792Synonym
argentatus Sparus argentatus Houttuyn [M.] 1782Synonym
argenteus Sparus argenteus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801Synonym
argyropthalmus Sparus argyropthalmus Shaw [G.] 1803Synonym
atlanticus Sparus atlanticus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802Synonym
aurata americana Sparus aurata americana Walbaum [J. J.] 1792Synonym
auratus Sparus auratus Houttuyn [M.] 1782Synonym
auratus Sparus auratus Linnaeus [C.] 1758Synonym
aureolineatus Sparus aureolineatus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802Synonym
aureo-lineatus Sparus aureo-lineatus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802Synonym
aureoruber Sparus aureoruber Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802Synonym
aureus Sparus aureus Walbaum [J. J.] (ex Schöpf) 1792Synonym
auriga Sparus auriga (Valenciennes [A.] 1843)Synonym
axilaris Sparus axilaris Perez [L.] 1820Synonym
bajonado Sparus bajonado Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Parra) 1801Synonym
bandatus Sparus bandatus Perry [G.] 1810Synonym
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