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Sphyraena ensis
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Sphyraena ensis

Jordan & Gilbert
  

Sphyraena ensis was originally described as Sphyraena ensis by Jordan & Gilbert in 1882. It belongs to the family Sphyraenidae. It is commonly known as Mexican barracuda but has many other common names such as in USA (contiguous states) as Mexican barracuda, in Mexico as Barracuda picúa, in Ecuador as Picuda, in France as Bécune mexicaine, in Nicaragua as Picuda, in Nicaragua as Barracuda. more common names It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Eastern Pacific.
Species   ensis
AuthorWI   Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.]
AuthorNI   Jordan & Gilbert
Qualification   ---
Year   1882
Status   Valid
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Istiophoriformes Istiophoriformes
Family   Sphyraenidae
Subfamily  
--- ---
Genus   Sphyraena
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Istiophoriformes
Family   Sphyraenidae
Genus   Sphyraena
Original Name   Sphyraena        
Taxon Name   ensis
Original Combination   Sphyraena ensis
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Sphyraena ensis
OriginalSubGenus   Sphyraena
Original Author   Jordan & Gilbert
Original AuthorWI   Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1882
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico.
Types   Syntypes: USNM 28210, 28297, 28373, 29223, 29536, 29611.
Primary Code   ---
Journal   Bull. U. S. Fish Comm.
Citation   v. 2 [1882]
Page   106

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Sphyraena ensis
Current Species   ensis
Current Genus   Sphyraena
Current AuthorWI   Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.]
Current AuthorNI   Jordan & Gilbert
Current Year   1882
Current Family   Sphyraenidae
Current Subfamily  
--- ---

Habitat   pelagic        
Water   Salt water
Habitat Notes   Found near the surface of coastal waters, down to over bottom of continental shelf (Ref. 11035). A fairly common species (Ref. 9345). Important foodfish (Ref. 9345). Marketed frozen in Mexico (Ref. 9345).
   
Distribution   Eastern Pacific.

Current Summary   Valid as Sphyraena ensis  Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Sphyraenidae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Sphyraena ensis  Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Pequeño 1989:63 [ref. 14125], Allen & Robertson 1994:195 [ref. 22193], Sommer in Fischer et al. 1995:1620 [ref. 22830], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:193 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:460 [ref. 24550], Lea & Rosenblatt 2000:124 [ref. 25206], Shane 2001:160 [ref. 25756], Nelson et al. 2004:175 [ref. 27807], Béarez 2008:95 [ref. 30486], Page et al. 2013:180 [ref. 32708]).

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acus Sphyraena acus (Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Plumier) 1803)Synonym
acutipinnis Sphyraena acutipinnis Day [F.] 1876Valid
affinis Sphyraena affinis Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838Synonym
afra Sphyraena afra Peters [W. C. H.] 1844Valid
africana Sphyraena africana Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1909Valid
agam Sphyraena agam Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838Synonym
akerstromi Sphyraena akerstromi Whitley [G. P.] 1947Synonym
altipinnis Sphyraena altipinnis Ogilby [J. D.] 1910Synonym
antillana Sphyraena antillana Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1803Not available
arabiansis Sphyraena arabiansis Abdussamad [E. M.], Retheesh [T. B.], Thangaraja [R.], Bineesh [K. K.] & Prakashan [D.] 2015Valid
argentea Sphyraena argentea Girard [C. F.] 1854Valid
aureoflammea Sphyraena aureoflammea Seale [A.] 1910Synonym
aureoviridis Sphyraena aureoviridis Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803Uncertain
barracuda Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards [M.] in Catesby 1771)Valid
barracuda Sphyraena barracuda (Walbaum [J. J.] 1792)Synonym
becuna Sphyraena becuna Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803Synonym
bleekeri Sphyraena bleekeri Williams [F.] 1959Synonym
bocagei Sphyraena bocagei Osório [B.] 1891Synonym
borealis Sphyraena borealis DeKay [J. E.] 1842Valid
brachygnathos Sphyraena brachygnathos Bleeker [P.] 1855Synonym
branneri Sphyraena branneri Miranda Ribeiro [A. de] 1915Action
chinensis Sphyraena chinensis Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1803Uncertain
chrysotaenia Sphyraena chrysotaenia Klunzinger [C. B.] 1884Synonym
commersonii Sphyraena commersonii Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829Synonym
dentatus Sphyraena dentatus Saville-Kent [W.] (ex De Vis) 1893Not available
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