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Squalus megalops
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Squalus megalops

(Macleay 1881)
  

Squalus megalops was originally described as Acanthias megalops by Macleay in 1881. It belongs to the family Squalidae. It is commonly known as Shortnose spurdog but has many other common names such as in Australia as Piked spurdog, in Brazil as Cacao-bagre, in Papua New Guinea as Spiny dogshark, in South Africa as Bluntnose spiny dogfish, in Mozambique as Quelme liso. more common names It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas, discontinuous: southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean: South Africa and East Africa to Madagascar and Mascarenes; southeastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia; southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia, New Caledonia and Solomon Islands; Western North Pacific: Vietnam to Korea and southern Japan.
Species   megalops
AuthorWI   Macleay [W.]
AuthorNI   Macleay
Qualification   ---
Year   1881
Status   Valid
Class  
Chondrichthyes Chondrichthyes
Order  
Squaliformes Squaliformes
Family   Squalidae
Subfamily  
--- ---
Genus   Squalus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Chondrichthyes
Order   Squaliformes
Family   Squalidae
Genus   Squalus
Original Name   Acanthias        
Taxon Name   megalops
Original Combination   Acanthias megalops
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Acanthias megalops
OriginalSubGenus   Acanthias
Original Author   Macleay
Original AuthorWI   Macleay [W.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1881
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia [Tasman Sea, Southwestern Pacific].
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:205 [ref. 19518].
Primary Code   Holotype (unique)
Primary Type   AMS I.16255-001 [ex MAMU F24]
Page   367

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Squalus acutipinnis
Current Species   acutipinnis
Current Genus   Squalus
Current AuthorWI   Regan [C. T.]
Current AuthorNI   Regan
Current Year   1881
Current Family   Squalidae
Current Subfamily  
--- ---

Habitat bathydemersal        
Water Salt water
Depth Range From 30 to 750 meters.
   
Distribution Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas, discontinuous: southeastern Atlantic and western Indian Ocean: South Africa and East Africa to Madagascar and Mascarenes; southeastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia; southwestern Pacific: southeastern Australia, New Caledonia and Solomon Islands; Western North Pacific: Vietnam to Korea and southern Japan.

Current Summary   Valid as Squalus megalops  (Macleay 1881). Squalidae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Squalus megalops  (Macleay 1881) -- (Compagno 1984:118 [ref. 6474], Bass et al. 1986:62 [ref. 5636], Paxton et al. 1989:37 [ref. 12442], Muñoz-Chápuli & Ramos 1989:6 [ref. 12577], Springer 1990:13 [ref. 19315], Compagno et al. 1991:68 [ref. 21083], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:84 [ref. 25472], Gomon et al. 1994:106 [ref. 22532], Last & Stevens 1994:99 [ref. 23873], Compagno & Niem 1998:1230 [ref. 23787], Fricke 1999:27 [ref. 24106], Compagno 1999:472 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:581 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:492 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:15 [ref. 25847], Youn 2002:60, 478 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S93 [ref. 27377], Baranes 2003:42 [ref. 27888], Randall et al. 2004:5 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:53 [ref. 28072], Shinohara et al. 2005:396 [ref. 28370], Compagno et al. 2005:49 [ref. 29145] as cf. melalops, Hoese 2006:155 [ref. 28998], Last et al. 2007:17 [ref. 29125], Duffy & Last 2007:36 [ref. 29127], White et al. 2007:107 [ref. 29133], White et al. 2007:110, 114 [ref. 29134], White 2008:84 [ref. 30617], Fricke et al. 2009:11 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:346 [ref. 31242], White & Iglésias 2011:2 [ref. 31482]).

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acanthias Squalus acanthias Linnaeus [C.] 1758Valid
acanthias acanthias Squalus acanthias acanthias Linnaeus [C.] 1758Synonym
acanthias africana Squalus acanthias africana Myagkov [N. A.] & Kondyurin [V. V.] 1986Synonym
acanthias chilensis Squalus acanthias chilensis Suckow [G. A.] 1799Synonym
acanthias ponticus Squalus acanthias ponticus Myagkov [N. A.] & Kondyurin [V. V.] 1986Synonym
acronotus Squalus acronotus Poey [F.] 1860Synonym
acutipinnis Squalus acutipinnis Regan [C. T.] 1908Synonym
acutirostris Squalus acutirostris Chu [Y.-T.], Meng [Q.-W.] & Li [S.] 1984Uncertain
adscensionis Squalus adscensionis Osbeck [P.] 1765Synonym
africana Squalus africana Myagkov [N. A.] & Kondyurin [V. V.] 1986Synonym
africanus Squalus africanus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789Synonym
albicaudus Squalus albicaudus Viana [S. T. de F. L.], Carvalho [M. R. de] & Gomes [U. L.] 2016Valid
albifrons Squalus albifrons Last [P. R.], White [W. T.] & Stevens [J. D.] 2007Valid
albomaculatus Squalus albomaculatus Plucàr [E.] 1846Synonym
alopecias Squalus alopecias Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854Synonym
altipinnis Squalus altipinnis Last [P. R.], White [W. T.] & Stevens [J. D.] 2007Valid
americanus Squalus americanus Gmelin [J. F.] 1789Synonym
americanus Squalus americanus Mitchill [S. L.] 1815Synonym
americanus Squalus americanus (Storer [D. H.] 1846)Synonym
anisodon Squalus anisodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802Synonym
annulatus Squalus annulatus Nilsson [S.] 1832Synonym
antiquorum Squalus antiquorum Leach [W. E.] 1818Not available
appendiculatus Squalus appendiculatus Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1806Synonym
arcticus Squalus arcticus Faber [F.] 1829Synonym
argus Squalus argus Bancroft [E. N.] 1830Not available
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