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Symphurus melanurus
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Symphurus melanurus


Symphurus melanurus was originally described as Symphurus melanurus by Clark in 1936. It belongs to the family Cynoglossidae and subfamily Symphurinae. It is commonly known as Drab tonguefish but has many other common names such as drab tonguefish in USA, Langue terne in France, Lenguado in Nicaragua, Lengua lucia in Spain, Drab tonguefish in United Kingdom. more common names It is found in Brackish and Salt water.
Species   melanurus
AuthorWI   Clark [H. W.]
AuthorNI   Clark
Qualification   ---
Year   1936
Status   Valid
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Pleuronectiformes Pleuronectiformes
Family   Cynoglossidae
Symphurinae Symphurinae
Genus   Symphurus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Pleuronectiformes
Family   Cynoglossidae
Subfamily   Symphurinae
Genus   Symphurus
Original Name   Symphurus        
Taxon Name   melanurus
Original Combination   Symphurus melanurus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Symphurus melanurus
OriginalSubGenus   Symphurus
Original Author   Clark
Original AuthorWI   Clark [H. W.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1936
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Symphurinae
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Off Acapulco, Mexico, 18°49'N, 99°05'W.
Types   Paratypes: CAS 4423 (1, partly dissected). Additional material (3): CAS 4424-25 (1, 1).
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   CAS 4401
Journal   Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4)
Citation   v. 21 (no. 29)
Page   386

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Symphurus melanurus
Current Species melanurus
Current Genus Symphurus
Current AuthorWI Clark [H. W.]
Current AuthorNI Clark
Current Year 1936
Current Family Cynoglossidae
Current Subfamily
Symphurinae Symphurinae

Habitat brackish, marine.        
Water Brackish and Salt water
Habitat Notes Found on sandy and muddy bottoms of shallow waters (Ref. 9294). May enter estuaries and inlets (Ref. 9294). Of little commercial value (Ref. 9294).
Depth Range From 1 to 35 meters.

Current Summary   Valid as Symphurus melanurus  Clark 1936. Cynoglossidae: Symphurinae.
Name History   •Valid as Symphurus melanurus Clark 1936 -- (Munroe 1990:229 [ref. 19192], Munroe & Nizinski 1990:994 [ref. 19193], Allen & Robertson 1994:291 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:146 [ref. 23101], Munroe et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:1052 [ref. 22829], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:116 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:216 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:502 [ref. 24550], Evseenko & Shtaut 2000:801 [ref. 25089], Nelson et al. 2004:183 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:189 [ref. 32708], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:392 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:150 [ref. 34871]).

Common Names  Common Names
Picture  Picture
Places  Places
Hierarchy  Hierarchy
Pictures  Pictures
First Publication  First Publication
Species Links  Species Links
Name Combinations  Name Combinations
References  References
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arabicus Symphurus arabicus Chabanaud [P.] 1954Valid
arawak Symphurus arawak Robins [C. R.] & Randall [J. E.] 1965Valid
atramentatus Symphurus atramentatus Jordan [D. S.] & Bollman [C. H.] 1890Valid
atricauda Symphurus atricauda (Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880)Valid
atricaudus Symphurus atricaudus (Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1880)Synonym
australis Symphurus australis McCulloch [A. R.] 1907Valid
bathyspilus Symphurus bathyspilus Krabbenhoft [T. J.] & Munroe [T. A.] 2003Valid
bergi Symphurus bergi Thompson [W. F.] 1916Synonym
billykrietei Symphurus billykrietei Munroe [T. A.] 1998Valid
brasiliensis Symphurus brasiliensis (Cuvier [G.] in Spix & Agassiz 1831)Synonym
callopterus Symphurus callopterus Munroe [T. A.] & Mahadeva [M. N.] 1989Valid
caribbeanus Symphurus caribbeanus Munroe [T. A.] 1991Valid
chabanaudi Symphurus chabanaudi Mahadeva [M. N.] & Munroe [T. A.] 1990Valid
civitatium Symphurus civitatium Ginsburg [I.] 1951Synonym
civitatum Symphurus civitatum Ginsburg [I.] 1951Valid
civitatus Symphurus civitatus Ginsburg [I.] 1951Synonym
diabolicus Symphurus diabolicus Mahadeva [M. N.] & Munroe [T. A.] 1990Valid
diomedanus Symphurus diomedanus (Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885)Synonym
diomedeanus Symphurus diomedeanus (Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885)Valid
diomedianus Symphurus diomedianus (Goode [G. B.] & Bean [T. H.] 1885)Synonym
elongatus Symphurus elongatus (Günther [A.] 1868)Valid
fallax Symphurus fallax Chabanaud [P.] 1957Valid
fasciolaris Symphurus fasciolaris Gilbert [C. H.] 1892Valid
fuscus Symphurus fuscus Brauer [A.] 1906Valid
gilesi Symphurus gilesi (Alcock [A. W.] 1889)Synonym
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