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Trachinus vipera
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Trachinus vipera


Trachinus vipera was originally described as Trachinus vipera by Cuvier in 1829. It belongs to the family Trachinidae. It is found in Salt water.
Species   vipera
AuthorWI   Cuvier [G.]
AuthorNI   Cuvier
Qualification   ---
Year   1829
Status   Synonym
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Trachiniformes Trachiniformes
Family   Trachinidae
--- ---
Genus   Trachinus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Trachiniformes
Family   Trachinidae
Genus   Trachinus
Original Name   Trachinus        
Taxon Name   vipera
Original Combination   Trachinus vipera
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Trachinus vipera
OriginalSubGenus   Trachinus
Original Author   Cuvier
Original AuthorWI   Cuvier [G.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1829
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Northern England.
Primary Code   ---
Primary Type   No types known.
Journal   Règne Animal (ed. 2)
Citation   v. 2
Page   152

SubSpecies AuthorWI ---
Qualification SS ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---

Current Genus Species Echiichthys vipera
Current Species   vipera
Current Genus Echiichthys
Current AuthorWI Cuvier [G.]
Current AuthorNI   Cuvier
Current Year   1829
Current Family Trachinidae
Current Subfamily
--- ---

Habitat marine.        
Water Salt water
Habitat Notes Littoral and benthic, on sandy, muddy or gravelly bottoms, from a few meters to about 150 m (in winter). Rest on the bottom, often burried with eyes and tip of first dorsal fin exposed. Considered as the most dangerous of the European weevers, both for its poison and for its frequent occurrence very near to beaches. There are venom glands on the first dorsal fin, which is totally black, and on the gill cover.

Current Summary   Synonym of Echiichthys vipera  (Cuvier 1829). Trachinidae.
Name History   •Valid as Trachinus vipera Cuvier 1829 -- (Wheeler 1973:450 [ref. 7190], Roux 1990:895 [ref. 18781]). •Valid as Echiichthys vipera (Cuvier 1829) -- (Tortonese in Whitehead et al. 1986:951 [ref. 13676], Nash & Santos 1993:317 [ref. 36602], Santos et al. 1997:98 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:97 [ref. 24952], Fricke 1999:44 [ref. 24101], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:117 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:51 [ref. 37112], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:95 [ref. 29533], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:56 [ref. 36649], Smith in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2772 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864]).

Common Names
Places  Places
Hierarchy  Hierarchy
Pictures  Pictures
First Publication  First Publication
Species Links  Species Links
Name Combinations  Name Combinations
References  References
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adscensionis Trachinus adscensionis Osbeck [P.] 1765Synonym
araneus Trachinus araneus Cuvier [G.] (ex Risso) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829Valid
araneus Trachinus araneus Costa [O. G.] 1846Synonym
armatus Trachinus armatus Günther [A.] 1860In family
armatus Trachinus armatus Bleeker [P.] (ex Schlegel) 1861Valid
cirrhosus Trachinus cirrhosus Pallas [P. S.] 1814Synonym
collignoni Trachinus collignoni Roux [C.] in Collignon, Rossignol & Roux 1957Valid
cornutus Trachinus cornutus Guichenot [A.] (ex Valenciennes) 1848Valid
draco Trachinus draco Linnaeus [C.] 1758Valid
gasteropelecus Trachinus gasteropelecus Tilesius [W. G. von] 1813Synonym
horridus Trachinus horridus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854Synonym
lineatus Trachinus lineatus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801Synonym
lineolatus Trachinus lineolatus Fischer [J. G.] 1885Valid
madeirensis Trachinus madeirensis (Borodin [N. A.] 1934)Synonym
melanoptera Trachinus (Alepes) melanoptera Swainson [W.] 1839Synonym
melanoptera Trachinus melanoptera Swainson [W.] 1839Synonym
osbeck Trachinus osbeck Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800Synonym
pardalis Trachinus pardalis (Bleeker [P.] 1861)Synonym
pellegrini Trachinus pellegrini Cadenat [J.] 1937Valid
radiatus Trachinus radiatus Cuvier [G.] 1829Valid
trichodon Trachinus trichodon Tilesius [W. G. von] 1813Synonym
vainus Trachinus vainus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810Synonym
vividus Trachinus vividus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800Synonym
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