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Trachurus mediterraneus
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Trachurus mediterraneus

(Steindachner 1868)

Trachurus mediterraneus was originally described as Caranx trachurus mediterraneus by Steindachner in 1868. It belongs to the family Carangidae and subfamily Caranginae. It is commonly known as Mediterranean horse mackerel but has many other common names such as in USA (contiguous states) as Mediterranean scad, in Bulgaria as Safrid, in Egypt as Shakhoura, in France as Severau, in Greece as Savridi, in Greece as Asprosavrido. more common names It is found in Brackish and Salt water and its distribution is Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Mauritania.
Species   mediterraneus
AuthorWI   Steindachner [F.]
AuthorNI   Steindachner
Qualification   ---
Year   1868
Status   Valid
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Carangiformes Carangiformes
Family   Carangidae
Caranginae Caranginae
Genus   Trachurus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Carangiformes
Family   Carangidae
Subfamily   Caranginae
Genus   Trachurus
Original Name   Caranx trachurus        
Taxon Name   mediterraneus
Original Combination   Caranx trachurus mediterraneus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Caranx trachurus mediterraneus
OriginalSubGenus   Caranx
Original Author   Steindachner
Original AuthorWI   Steindachner [F.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1868
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   Caranginae
Original Level   variety
Variety   var.
Type Locality   Mediterranean Sea.
Primary Code   ---
Page   383 [33]

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---

Current Genus Species   Trachurus mediterraneus
Current Species   mediterraneus
Current Genus   Trachurus
Current AuthorWI   Dardignac [J.] & Vincent [A.]
Current AuthorNI   Dardignac & Vincent
Current Year   1868
Current Family   Carangidae
Current Subfamily  
Caranginae Caranginae

Habitat pelagic        
Water Brackish and Salt water
Depth Range From 40 to 500 meters.
Distribution Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Mauritania.

Current Summary   Valid as Trachurus mediterraneus  (Steindachner 1868). Carangidae.
Name History   • Valid as Trachurus mediterraneus  (Steindachner 1868) -- (Hureau & Tortonese 1973:381 [ref. 7198], Smith-Vaniz in Whitehead et al. 1986:841 [ref. 13676], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1990:752 [ref. 18644], Nekrasov 1994:29 [ref. 24544], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:86 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S8 [ref. 28536], Fricke et al. 2007:85 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:93 [ref. 30517], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:171 [ref. 31251], Springer & Smith-Vaniz 2008:31 [ref. 31826]).

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aguilus Trachurus aguilus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810Action
aleevi Trachurus aleevi Rytov [A. N.] & Razumovskaya [T. M.] 1984Synonym
aliciolus Trachurus aliciolus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810Synonym
argenteocaeruleus Trachurus argenteocaeruleus Plumier [C.] in Lacepède 1801Not available
argenteus Trachurus argenteus Wakiya [Y.] 1924Synonym
australis Trachurus australis Nani [A.] 1950Synonym
binghami Trachurus binghami Nichols [J. T.] 1940Uncertain
boops Trachurus boops Girard [C. F.] 1858Synonym
capensis Trachurus capensis Castelnau [F. L. de] 1861Valid
clupeoides Trachurus clupeoides (Richardson [J.] (ex Solander) 1843)Uncertain
cordyla Trachurus cordyla Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854Synonym
cuvieri Trachurus cuvieri (Lowe [R. T.] 1838)Synonym
declivis Trachurus declivis (Jenyns [L.] 1841)Valid
delagoa Trachurus delagoa Nekrasov [V. V.] 1970Valid
europaeus Trachurus europaeus Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854Synonym
fallax Trachurus fallax de Brito Capello [F.] 1867Synonym
fasciatus Trachurus fasciatus Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810Synonym
furnestini Trachurus furnestini (Dardignac [J.] & Vincent [A.] in Furnestin, Dardogmac, Vincent, Coupé & Boutière 1958)Synonym
imperialis Trachurus imperialis Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810Synonym
indicus Trachurus indicus Nekrasov [V. V.] 1966Valid
japonicus Trachurus japonicus (Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1844)Valid
lacerta Trachurus lacerta (Pallas [P. S.] 1814)Synonym
lathami Trachurus lathami Nichols [J. T.] 1920Valid
linnei Trachurus linnei Malm [A. W.] 1877Synonym
longimanus Trachurus longimanus (Norman [J. R.] 1935)Valid
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