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Trygon violacea
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Trygon violacea

Bonaparte
  

Trygon violacea was originally described as Trygon violacea by Bonaparte in 1832. It belongs to the family Botiidae. It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Cosmopolitan in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Mascarenes, Hawaiian Islands).
Species   violacea
AuthorWI   Bonaparte [C. L.]
AuthorNI   Bonaparte
Qualification   ---
Year   1832
Status   Synonym
Class  
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Order  
Cypriniformes Cypriniformes
Family   Botiidae
Subfamily  
--- ---
Genus   Trygon
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Cypriniformes
Family   Botiidae
Genus   Trygon
Original Name   Trygon        
Taxon Name   violacea
Original Combination   Trygon violacea
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Trygon violacea
OriginalSubGenus   Trygon
Original Author   Bonaparte
Original AuthorWI   Bonaparte [C. L.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1832
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Italy, western Mediterranean Sea.
Types   Syntypes: ANSP 385-386 (2), ?NMW 91239 (1, dry).
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:98 [ref. 13621].
Primary Code   ---
Journal   Iconografia, v. 3
Page   fasc. 1, punt. 6
Illustrations   Pl. 155

SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Qualification SS   ---

Original QualificationSS   ---

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---


Current Genus Species   Pteroplatytrygon violacea
Current Species   violacea
Current Genus   Pteroplatytrygon
Current AuthorWI   Bonaparte [C. L.]
Current AuthorNI   Bonaparte
Current Year   1832
Current Family   Botiidae
Current Subfamily  
--- ---

       
Water   Salt water
   
Distribution   Cosmopolitan in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Mascarenes, Hawaiian Islands).

Current Summary   Synonym of Pteroplatytrygon violacea  (Bonaparte 1832). Dasyatidae.
 
Name History   • Valid as Dasyatis violacea  (Bonaparte 1832) -- (Krefft & Stehmann 1973:71 [ref. 7167], Capapé 1977:91 [ref. 20631], Nakaya in Okamura et al. 1982:55, 315 [ref. 8256], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:55 [ref. 9277], Compagno & Roberts 1984:285 [ref. 8237], McEachran & Capapé in Whitehead et al. 1984:200 [ref. 13675], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:15 [ref. 6441], Compagno 1986:137 [ref. 5648], Robins & Ray 1986:41 [ref. 23100], Peden & Jamieson 1988:491 [ref. 12864], Scott & Scott 1988:58 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:17 [ref. 14125], McAllister 1990:38 [ref. 14674], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Nishida & Nakaya 1990:332 [ref. 20166], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:96 [ref. 25472], Last & Stevens 1994:396 [ref. 23873], McEachran in Fischer et al. 1995:755 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:43 [ref. 22793], Santos et al. 1997:16 [ref. 23531], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:35 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:121 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:24 [ref. 24952], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:65 [ref. 24555], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:186 [ref. 24490], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:123 [ref. 25013], Compagno 1999:496 [ref. 25589], Nakabo 2000:179 [ref. 25086], Rosenberger 2001:615 [ref. 25447], Hutchins 2001:15 [ref. 25847], McEachran in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:77 [ref. 26158], Mollet 2002:525 [ref. 25994], Nakabo 2002:179 [ref. 26001], Paxton et al. 2006:192 [ref. 28995]). • Valid as Pteroplatytrygon violacea  (Bonaparte 1832) -- (McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:181 [ref. 23897], Last & Compagno 1999:1505 [ref. 24639], Menni & Stehmann 2000:91 [ref. 24909], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:583 [ref. 25122], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:26 [ref. 26753], Gomes & Gadig in Menezes et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27192], McEachran & Carvalho 2003:571 [ref. 26985], Santos et al. 2004:2 [ref. 27848], Mundy 2005:106 [ref. 28379], Fricke et al. 2007:20 [ref. 29533], Fricke et al. 2009:12 [ref. 30213], Gomon 2008:141 [ref. 30616], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Bañon et al. 2010:6 [ref. 31029], Last el al. 2010:230 [ref. 32461], Yamashita et al. 2012:136 [ref. 32408], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Hsu et al. 2013:254 [ref. 33043]).

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acuta Trygon acuta Kuhl [H.] & van Hasselt [J. C.] in Bleeker 1852Not available
adans Trygon adans Schomburgk [R. H.] in Müller & Trochel 1849Synonym
aiereba Trygon aiereba Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Marcgravus) 1841Synonym
akajei Hemitrygon akajei (Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Bürger) 1841)Valid
akajei Trygon akajei Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] (ex Bürger) 1841Synonym
alcockii Trygon alcockii Annandale [N.] 1909Synonym
aldrovandi Trygon aldrovandi Risso [A.] 1827Synonym
altavela Trygon altavela Lowe [R. T.] 1839--
atrocissimus Trygon atrocissimus Blyth [E.] 1860Action
bennettii Hemitrygon bennettii (Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1841)Valid
bennettii Trygon bennettii Müller [J.] & Henle [F. G. J.] 1841Synonym
bleekeri Pateobatis bleekeri (Blyth [E.] 1860)Valid
bleekeri Trygon bleekeri Blyth [E.] 1860Synonym
brachyurus Trygon brachyurus Günther [A.] 1880Synonym
brevicaudata Bathytoshia brevicaudata (Hutton [F. W.] 1875)Valid
brevicaudata Trygon brevicaudata Hutton [F. W.] 1875Synonym
brevis Trygon brevis Garman [S.] 1880Synonym
brucco Trygon brucco Bonaparte [C. L.] 1834Synonym
carnea Trygon carnea Richardson [J.] 1846Action
chindrakee Trygon chindrakee Cuvier [G.] in Bleeker 1853Not available
chrysonota Trygon chrysonota Smith [A.] 1828Synonym
crozieri Telatrygon crozieri (Blyth [E.] 1860)Valid
crozieri Trygon crozieri Blyth [E.] 1860Synonym
dadong Trygon dadong Bleeker [P.] 1856Action
dorbignyi Trygon dorbignyi Castelnau [F. L. de] 1855Synonym
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