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Tylosurus acus acus
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Tylosurus acus acus

(Lacepède 1803)

Tylosurus acus acus was originally described as Sphyraena acus acus by Lacepède in 1803. It belongs to the family Belonidae. It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Western Atlantic.
Species   acus acus
AuthorWI   Lacepède [B. G. E.]
AuthorNI   Lacepède
Qualification   (ex Plumier)
Year   1803
Status   Valid
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Beloniformes Beloniformes
Family   Belonidae
--- ---
Genus   Tylosurus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Beloniformes
Family   Belonidae
Genus   Tylosurus
Original Name   Sphyraena        
Taxon Name   acus
Original Combination   Sphyraena acus
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Sphyraena acus
OriginalSubGenus   Sphyraena
lowerTaxa   acus
Original Author   Lacepède
Original AuthorWI   Lacepède [B. G. E.]
Original Qualification   (ex Plumier)
Original Year   1803
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   species
Type Locality   Martinique Island or West Indies, western Atlantic.
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:23 [ref. 22813].
Primary Code   ---
Primary Type   No types known
Page   325, 327
Illustrations   Pl. 1 (fig. 3)

SubSpecies AuthorWI Senou [H.] & Hirata [T.]
Subspecies AuthorNI Senou & Hirata
Qualification SS ---
Subspecies Year 1803

Original QualificationSS ---
Original Subspecies Year 1803

Current Subspecies AuthorWI ---
Current Subspecies Year (Lacepède 1803)

Current Genus Species Tylosurus acus
Current Species   acus
Current Genus Tylosurus
Current AuthorWI Lacepède [B. G. E.]
Current AuthorNI   Lacepède
Current Year   1803
Current Family Belonidae
Current Subfamily
--- ---

Habitat pelagic        
Water Salt water
Distribution Western Atlantic.

Current Summary   Valid as Tylosurus acus  (Lacepède 1803). Belonidae.
Name History   • Valid as Tylosurus acus  (Lacepède 1803) -- (Collette & Berry 1965:391 [ref. 13367], Parin 1967:52 [ref. 10272], Collette & Parin 1970:41 [ref. 7415], Parin 1973:260 [ref. 7191], Dor 1984:65 [ref. 29757], Collette & Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:608 [ref. 13676], Robins & Ray 1986:106 [ref. 23100], Paxton et al. 1989:343 [ref. 12442], Cervigón 1991:227 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:84 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:270 [ref. 23827], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1992:584 [ref. 21590], Goren & Dor 1994:16 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:87 [ref. 22896], Santos et al. 1997:126 [ref. 23531], Larson & Williams 1997:350 [ref. 23967], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:69 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:268 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:62 [ref. 24952], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:939 [ref. 23897], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:104 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:206 [ref. 24550], Johnson 1999:724 [ref. 25471], Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:99 [ref. 27807], Randall 2007:138 [ref. 30952] with subspecies,, Larson et al. 2013:65 [ref. 32988]). • Valid as Tylosurus acus  subspecies acus  (Lacepède 1803) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:166 [ref. 25013], Collette & Banford 2001:51 [ref. 25982], Collette et al. 2003:102 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1112 [ref. 26981], Collette 2003:9, 10 [ref. 27306], Paxton et al. 2006:718 [ref. 28995], Allen & Erdmann 2012:165 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:32 [ref. 33341]).

Common Names
Places  Places
Hierarchy  Hierarchy
Pictures  Pictures
First Publication  First Publication
Species Links  Species Links
Name Combinations  Name Combinations
References  References
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aaveri Tylosurus aaveri (Curtiss [A.] 1938)Synonym
acus Tylosurus acus (Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Plumier) 1803)Valid
acus imperialis Tylosurus acus imperialis (Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810)Synonym
acus melanotus Tylosurus acus melanotus (Bleeker [P.] 1850)Valid
acus pacificus Tylosurus acus pacificus (Steindachner [F.] 1876)Valid
acus rafale Tylosurus acus rafale Collette [B. B.] & Parin [N. V.] 1970Synonym
altipinna Tylosurus altipinna (Poey [F.] 1860)Synonym
annulata Tylosurus annulata (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846)Synonym
annulatus Tylosurus annulatus (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846)Synonym
appendiculatus Tylosurus appendiculatus (Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871)Synonym
auloceps Tylosurus auloceps (Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1923)Synonym
brachyrhynchos Tylosurus brachyrhynchos (Bleeker [P.] 1854)Synonym
caeruleofasciatus Tylosurus caeruleofasciatus Stead [D. G.] 1908Synonym
cantrainei Tylosurus cantrainei (Cocco [A.] 1833)Synonym
carribaea Tylosurus carribaea (Lesueur [C. A.] 1821)Synonym
choram Tylosurus choram (Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1837)Valid
coromandelica Tylosurus coromandelica (van Hasselt [J. C.] (ex Cuvier) 1823)Synonym
crassa Tylosurus crassa (Poey [F.] 1860)Synonym
crocodilis crocodilis Tylosurus crocodilis crocodilis (Péron [F.] & Lesueur [C. A.] in Lesueur 1821)Valid
crocodilus Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron [F.] & Lesueur [C. A.] in Lesueur 1821)Valid
crocodilus crocodilus Tylosurus crocodilus crocodilus (Péron [F.] & Lesueur [C. A.] in Lesueur 1821)Valid
crocodilus fodiator Tylosurus crocodilus fodiator Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882Synonym
cylindrica Tylosurus cylindrica (Bleeker [P.] 1850)Synonym
euryops Tylosurus euryops Bean [T. H.] & Dresel [H. G.] 1884Synonym
exilis Tylosurus exilis (Girard [C. F.] 1854)Synonym
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