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Tylosurus acus rafale
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Tylosurus acus rafale

Collette & Parin

Tylosurus acus rafale was originally described as Tylosurus acus acus rafale by Collette & Parin in 1970. It belongs to the family Belonidae. It is found in Salt water and its distribution is Eastern Atlantic [if valid].
Species   acus rafale
AuthorWI   Collette [B. B.] & Parin [N. V.]
AuthorNI   Collette & Parin
Qualification   ---
Year   1970
Status   Synonym
Osteichthyes Osteichthyes
Beloniformes Beloniformes
Family   Belonidae
--- ---
Genus   Tylosurus
Subgenus   ---

Class   Osteichthyes
Order   Beloniformes
Family   Belonidae
Genus   Tylosurus
Original Name   Tylosurus acus        
Taxon Name   rafale
Original Combination   Tylosurus acus rafale
Original Genus  
Original Genus Species   Tylosurus acus rafale
OriginalSubGenus   Tylosurus
lowerTaxa   rafale
Original Author   Collette & Parin
Original AuthorWI   Collette [B. B.] & Parin [N. V.]
Original Qualification   ---
Original Year   1970
Original Family  
Original SubFamily   ---
Original Level   subspecies
Type Locality   Off Freetown, Sierra Leone.
Types   Paratypes: BMNH 1969.7.30.1 (1), CBAT (Centro Biol. Aguát. Trop., Lisboa) (4 lots, 4), IFAN (5 lots, 8), IOM (2 lots, 2), IRSNB 547-548 (1, 1), MNHN 1969-0182 (1), MRAC (2 lots, 2), MSNG (1), UF (7 lots, 23) to USNM, USNM (13 lots, 35; orig. 6 lots, 12),
Type Catalogue   Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:22 [ref. 20755], Collette et al. 1992:4-5 [ref. 19410] including 7 more lots transferred from UF (TABL) to USNM, Collette et al. 1997:9 [ref. 22813].
Primary Code   Holotype
Primary Type   USNM 188847
Journal   Atl. Rep.
Citation   No. 11
Page   49
Illustrations   Fig. 12

SubSpecies AuthorWI   Lucas [F. A.]
Subspecies AuthorNI   Lucas
Qualification SS   ---
Subspecies Year   1970

Original SubSpecies AuthorWI   ---
Original QualificationSS   ---
Original Subspecies Year   1970

Current Subspecies AuthorWI   ---
Current Subspecies Year   Collette & Parin 1970

Current Genus Species   Tylosurus acus
Current Species   acus
Current Genus   Tylosurus
Current AuthorWI   Lacepède [B. G. E.]
Current AuthorNI   Lacepède
Current Year   1803
Current Family   Belonidae
Current Subfamily  
--- ---

Habitat   pelagic        
Water   Salt water
Habitat Notes   Maximum length in body length. Inhabits offshore waters, but also found in coastal waters (Ref. 2683).
Distribution   Eastern Atlantic [if valid].

Current Summary   Synonym of Tylosurus acus  (Lacepède 1803). Belonidae.
Name History   • Synonym of Tylosurus acus  (Lacepède 1803), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Collette & Parin 1990:596 [ref. 16473], Afonso et al. 1999:70 [ref. 25466], Collette & Banford 2001:53 [ref. 25982], Collette 2003:10 [ref. 27306]). • Valid as Tylosurus rafale  Collette & Parin 1970 -- (Wirtz et al. 2007:28 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:121 [ref. 32972], Wirtz et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33516]).

Common Names
Hierarchy  Hierarchy
First Publication  First Publication
Species Links  Species Links
Name Combinations
References  References
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aaveri Tylosurus aaveri (Curtiss [A.] 1938)Synonym
acus Tylosurus acus (Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Plumier) 1803)Valid
acus acus Tylosurus acus acus (Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Plumier) 1803)Valid
acus imperialis Tylosurus acus imperialis (Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810)Synonym
acus melanotus Tylosurus acus melanotus (Bleeker [P.] 1850)Valid
acus pacificus Tylosurus acus pacificus (Steindachner [F.] 1876)Valid
altipinna Tylosurus altipinna (Poey [F.] 1860)Synonym
annulata Tylosurus annulata (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846)Synonym
annulatus Tylosurus annulatus (Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846)Synonym
appendiculatus Tylosurus appendiculatus (Klunzinger [C. B.] 1871)Synonym
auloceps Tylosurus auloceps (Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1923)Synonym
brachyrhynchos Tylosurus brachyrhynchos (Bleeker [P.] 1854)Synonym
caeruleofasciatus Tylosurus caeruleofasciatus Stead [D. G.] 1908Synonym
cantrainei Tylosurus cantrainei (Cocco [A.] 1833)Synonym
carribaea Tylosurus carribaea (Lesueur [C. A.] 1821)Synonym
choram Tylosurus choram (Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1837)Valid
coromandelica Tylosurus coromandelica (van Hasselt [J. C.] (ex Cuvier) 1823)Synonym
crassa Tylosurus crassa (Poey [F.] 1860)Synonym
crocodilis crocodilis Tylosurus crocodilis crocodilis (Péron [F.] & Lesueur [C. A.] in Lesueur 1821)Valid
crocodilus Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron [F.] & Lesueur [C. A.] in Lesueur 1821)Valid
crocodilus crocodilus Tylosurus crocodilus crocodilus (Péron [F.] & Lesueur [C. A.] in Lesueur 1821)Valid
crocodilus fodiator Tylosurus crocodilus fodiator Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882Synonym
cylindrica Tylosurus cylindrica (Bleeker [P.] 1850)Synonym
euryops Tylosurus euryops Bean [T. H.] & Dresel [H. G.] 1884Synonym
exilis Tylosurus exilis (Girard [C. F.] 1854)Synonym
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